Model Based Learning and Instruction in Science

  • John J. Clement
  • Mary Anne Rea-Ramirez

Part of the Models and Modeling in Science Education book series (MMSE, volume 2)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-9
  2. Basic Concepts and Background for Model Based Learning

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 11-11
    2. Mary Anne Rea-Ramirez, John Clement, Maria C. Núñez-Oviedo
      Pages 23-43
  3. Introduction to Model Based Teaching Strategies

  4. Qualitative Research on Specific Strategies

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 117-117
    2. M.C. Núñez-Oveido, John Clement, Mary Anne Rea-Ramirez
      Pages 173-193
    3. Mary Anne Rea-Ramirez, Maria Cecilia Núñez-Oviedo
      Pages 195-213
    4. Mary Jane Else, John Clement, Mary Anne Rea-Ramirez
      Pages 215-231
    5. Mary Anne Rea-Ramirez, Maria Cecilia Núñez-Oviedo
      Pages 233-253
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 209-228

About this book


This book describes new, model based teaching methods for science instruction. It presents research that describes these new methods in a very diverse group of settings: middle school biology, high school physics, and college chemistry classrooms. Mental models in these areas such as understanding the structure of the lungs or cells, molecular structures and reaction mechanisms in chemistry, or causes of current flow in electricity are notoriously difficult for many students to learn. Yet these lie at the core of conceptual understanding in these areas. The studies focus on a variety of teaching strategies such as discrepant questioning, analogies, animations, model competition, and hands on activities. Five different levels of organization for teaching strategies are described, from those operating over months (design of the sequence of units in a curriculum) to those operating over minutes ( teaching tactics for guiding discussion minute by minute).


Action Creativity Evaluation Evolution Problem Solving co-construction conceptual change curriculum design mental models model evolution model-based learning

Editors and affiliations

  • John J. Clement
    • 1
  • Mary Anne Rea-Ramirez
    • 2
  1. 1.University of MassachusettsAmherstUSA
  2. 2.Western Governors UniversitySalt Lake CityUSA

Bibliographic information