The Five-Factor Model of Personality Across Cultures

  • Robert R. McCrae
  • Jüri Allik

Part of the International and Cultural Psychology Series book series (ICUP)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-vii
  2. Introduction

    1. Robert R. McCrae, Jüri Allik
      Pages 1-4
  3. Intercultural Studies

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 5-5
    2. Martina Hřebíčková, Tomáš Urbánek, Ivo Čermák, Piotr Szarota, Emília Ficková, Lucia Orlická
      Pages 53-78
    3. Michelle S. M. Yik, James A. Russell, Chang-Kyu Ahn, Jose Miguel Fernández Dols, Naoto Suzuki
      Pages 79-104
    4. Robert R. McCrae
      Pages 105-125
  4. Case Studies in Personality and Culture

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 127-128
    2. A. Timothy Church, Marcia S. Katigbak
      Pages 129-154
    3. Ralph L. Piedmont, Elaine Bain, Robert R. McCrae, Paul T. Costa Jr.
      Pages 155-173
    4. Sami Gülgöz
      Pages 175-196
    5. P. H. Lodhi, Savita Deo, Vivek M. Belhekar
      Pages 227-248
    6. Margarida Pedroso de Lima
      Pages 249-260
    7. Thomas A. Martin, Paul T. Costa Jr., Valery E. Oryol, Alexey A. Rukavishnikov, Ivan G. Senin
      Pages 261-277
  5. Methodological and Theoretical Perspectives

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 279-279
    2. Ype H. Poortinga, Fons J. R. Van De Vijver, Dianne A. Van Hemert
      Pages 281-302
    3. Jüri Allik, Robert R. McCrae
      Pages 303-322
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 323-333

About this book


ROBERT R. MCCRAE* & JuRI ALLIK** *Nationallnstitute on Aging, **University of Tartu, Estonia Personality psychology has become an international enterprise. To take an example at random, the eight personality articles in the December, 2001, issue of the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology included contributions from the United States, Canada, Germany, Finland, and Israel. For the most part, international personality research is not cross-cultural; it is simply personality research conducted in different countries. The implicit assumption behind this practice is that personality processes are universal, and where they are studied is thus of no consequence. An insensitivity to cul­ tural context once imputed mostly to Americans now appears to characterize the field worldwide. Fortunately, recent years have also seen a rise of interest in studies of personality and culture (Church, 2001; Church & Lonner, 1998; Lee, McCauley, & Draguns, 1999; McCrae, 2000). What do these new studies show? Are personality processes indeed universal, or are there significant variations across cultures that necessitate a more nuanced approach to research? There is as yet no definitive answer to that question. In some respects, human personality does seem to transcend the boundaries of language and culture; in other respects, it is profoundly influenced by social and historical forces. Sorting these issues out must be a priority for our field if we are to understand the current personality literature.


Big Five Evaluation Exploration Stereotyp assessment character culture

Editors and affiliations

  • Robert R. McCrae
    • 1
  • Jüri Allik
    • 2
  1. 1.National Institute on AgingBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.University of TartuTartuEstonia

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York 2002
  • Publisher Name Springer, Boston, MA
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-0-306-47355-5
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4615-0763-5
  • Series Print ISSN 1574-0455
  • Buy this book on publisher's site