Practical Diagnostic Approaches in Non-Gynaecologic Cytology

  • Min En Nga

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxx
  2. Foundational Approaches in Cytopathology

  3. Part II

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 39-39
    2. Min En Nga
      Pages 40-79
    3. Min En Nga
      Pages 80-120
    4. Min En Nga
      Pages 122-155
    5. Min En Nga
      Pages 205-243
  4. Back Matter
    Pages 245-260

About this book


This book presents rational diagnostic approaches to common areas of cytopathology, such as thyroid, lymph node and effusion cytology. It discusses differential diagnoses for each site, and describes a systematic approach to narrow down differential diagnoses in a logical manner based on cytomorphology and the judicious application of ancillary tests. Further, it introduces discriminatory panels of immunohistochemical tests, with an emphasis on patient-centred approaches with active clinicopathologic correlations. In addition, it provides practical recommendations for optimizing tissue triage for ancillary testing, in terms of both diagnostic and therapy-related testing. The book also includes sample diagnostic reports to help readers formulate appropriate comments and to aid clinicians in specific clinical scenarios, as well as test cases for readers to apply their diagnostic and specimen triage algorithms.

The book equips readers to apply logical approaches to sound cytopathology reporting in daily clinical practice, guiding them through specimen collection and triage to diagnostic workup based on morphologic and clinical features, and writing rational and clinically useful diagnostic cytology reports with a focus on clinicopathologic correlation. As such it is relevant for practising cytopathologists and pathology trainees as well as for cytologists (cytotechnologists) and other clinicians involved in cytopathology diagnostic processes.


Ancillary testing in cytology General approach to effusion cytology Approach to thyroid FNA Approach to lymph node FNA Approach to salivary gland FNA

Authors and affiliations

  • Min En Nga
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PathologyNational University HospitalSingaporeSingapore

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2021
  • Publisher Name Springer, Singapore
  • Print ISBN 978-981-15-2960-3
  • Online ISBN 978-981-15-2961-0
  • Buy this book on publisher's site