Test of the ICARE Platform Fusion Mechanism

  • Sophie Dupuy-Chessa
  • Lydie du Bousquet
  • Jullien Bouchet
  • Yves Ledru
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3941)


Multimodal interactive systems offer a flexibility of interaction that increases their complexity. ICARE is a component-based approach to specify and develop multimodal interfaces using a fusion mechanism in a modality independent way. As ICARE is being reused to produce several multimodal applications, we want to ensure the correctness of its fusion mechanism. Therefore, we validated it using a test architecture based on Java technologies. This paper presents our validation approach, its results, its advantages and its limits.


Temporal Window Composition Component Multimodal Interface Java Modeling Language Fusion Mechanism 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Bolt, R.A.: Put-that-there: Voice and gesture at the graphics interface. In: SIGGRAPH 1980, pp. 262–270 (1980)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bouchet, J., Nigay, L.: ICARE: A Component-Based Approach for the Design and Development of Multimodal Interfaces. In: Extended Abstracts of CHI 2004, Vienna, Austria, pp. 1325–1328 (2004)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bouchet, J., Nigay, L., Ganille, T.: ICARE Software Components for Rapidly Developing Multimodal Interfaces. In: ICMI 2004, State College, PA, USA, pp. 251–258 (2004)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Burdy, L., Cheon, Y., Cok, D.R., Ernst, M., Kiniry, J., Leavens, G.T., Leino, K.R.M., Poll, E.: An Overview of JML Tools and Applications. In: Eighth International Workshop on Formal Methods for Industrial Critical Systems (FMICS 2003). Electronic Notes in Theoretical Computer Science, vol. 80, pp. 73–89. Elsevier, Amsterdam (2003)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cohen, P.R., Johnston, M., McGee, D., Oviatt, S., Pittman, J., Smith, I., Chen, L., Clow, J.: QuickSet: Multimodal interaction for distributed applications. In: Glinert, E. (ed.) Proceedings of the Fifth ACM International Multmedia Conference, pp. 1325–1328. ACM Press, New York (1997)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Flippo, F., Krebs, A., Marsic, I.: A Framework for Rapid Development of Multimodal Interfaces. In: ICMI 2003, pp. 109–116 (2003)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    The Java Modeling Language (JML) Home Page,
  8. 8.
  9. 9.
    Leavens, G.T., Baker, A.L., Ruby, C.: JML: A notation for detailed design. In: Kilov, H., Rumpe, B., Simmonds, I. (eds.) Behavioral Specifications of Businesses and Systems, pp. 175–188. Kluwer, Dordrecht (1999)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ledru, Y., du Bousquet, L., Maury, O., Bontron, P.: Filtering TOBIAS combinatorial test suites. In: Wermelinger, M., Margaria-Steffen, T. (eds.) FASE 2004. LNCS, vol. 2984, pp. 281–294. Springer, Heidelberg (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Memon, A.: GUI Testing: Pitfalls and Process. Software technologies, 87–88 (2002)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Nardelli, L., Orlandi, M., Falavigna, D.: A Multi-Modal Architecture for Cellular Phones. In: ICMI 2004, State College, PA, USA, pp. 323–324 (2004)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Nigay, L., Coutaz, J.: A Generic Platform for Addressing the Multimodal Challenge. In: CHI 1995, pp. 98–105 (1995)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Nigay, L., Coutaz, J.: The CARE Properties and Their Impact on Software Design. In: Intelligence and Multimodality in Multimedia Interfaces. AAAI Press, Menlo Park (1997)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Oviatt, S., et al.: Designing the user interface for multimodal speech and gesture applications: State-of-the-art systems and research directions. HCI 15(4), 263–322 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sophie Dupuy-Chessa
    • 1
  • Lydie du Bousquet
    • 2
  • Jullien Bouchet
    • 1
  • Yves Ledru
    • 2
  1. 1.CLIPS-IMAGSaint Martin d’HèresFrance
  2. 2.LSR-IMAGSaint Martin d’HèresFrance

Personalised recommendations