Introduction: V. I. Lenin’s Life and Legacy

  • Jeffrey Brooks
  • Georgiy Chernyavskiy
Open Access
Part of the The Bedford Series in History and Culture book series (BSHC)


V. I. Lenin was born under a divine-right monarchy and died the leader of the world’s first one-party state. He grew up in a rapidly expanding market economy and left behind an economic system in which the state was chief owner and employer. At the time of his death, Russia’s recovery from World War I, the Russian Civil War, and the extreme economic policies Lenin initially instituted was incomplete. Yet power and authority had shifted decisively from wealthy elites to party officials in the new Soviet Republic. For some, Lenin’s Russia embodied the promise of a new world that would be more just and prosperous than the liberal capitalist democracies were. For others, his rule signified a disastrous aberration in Russian and European history. However it is interpreted, Lenin’s impact on the twentieth century is beyond dispute.


Central Committee October Revolution Russian Revolution Class Enemy Proletarian Revolution 
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Copyright information

© Bedford/St. Martin’s 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeffrey Brooks
  • Georgiy Chernyavskiy

There are no affiliations available

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