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The Epidemiology of Severe Infections in Children

  • Mary E. Hartman
  • R. Scott Watson
  • Joseph A. Carcillo
  • Derek C. Angus
Chapter

Abstract

Infectious diseases account for the majority of admissions to hospitals in the developing world (1,2). The Global Burden of Disease study, sponsored by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Bank, estimates that the majority of the nearly 11 million annual pediatric deaths in the world are due to infectious causes (2,3). Just over 1.6 million of these deaths are among neonates. The majority of cases occur in developing countries (2), and half of all infection-related deaths occur in just seven countries: India, China, Nigeria, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Ethiopia, and Zaire (3). Diarrheal and respiratory illnesses account for almost half of the deaths, while malaria, AIDS, and measles are responsible for another 17% (4).

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© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mary E. Hartman
  • R. Scott Watson
  • Joseph A. Carcillo
  • Derek C. Angus

There are no affiliations available

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