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Capture of CO2 from Concentrated Sources and the Atmosphere

  • Xiaoxing Wang
  • Chunshan SongEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

As the rapid rise of the atmospheric CO2 concentration has aroused increasing concern worldwide on the global climate change, the research activities in CO2 capture both from the concentrated CO2 sources and the atmosphere have grown significantly. The amine based solid sorbents exhibited great promise in the near-future application for CO2 capture owing to their advantages including high CO2 capacity even at extremely low CO2 concentration (e.g., 400 ppm), excellent CO2 sorption selectivity, no need for moisture pre-removal (moisture even shows promotion effect), lower energy consumption, less corrosion and easy handling compared to liquid amine. Among them, PEI-based sorbents have been considered as one of most promising candidates and have been extensively studied. Great progress has been made in the past two decades. Hence, in this review, we summarize the recent advances with supported PEI sorbents for CO2 capture, with an emphasis on (1) sorbent material development including the effects of support and polymer structure; (2) CO2 sorption mechanism; (3) CO2 sorption kinetics, (4) sorbent deactivation, and (5) practical implementation of PEI-based sorbent materials. At last, the remaining problems and challenges that need to be addressed to improve the competitiveness of sorbent-based capture technologies are discussed. Through the current review, we expect it will not only offer a summary on the recent progress on the supported PEI sorbents, but also provide possible links between fundamental studies and practical applications.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial supports by the US Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory and the Pennsylvania State University on various portions of the CO2 research. We also acknowledge the RTI International for the joint DOE project on pilot plant demonstration of the CO2 MBS.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.PSU-DUT Joint Center for Energy Research, EMS Energy Institute, Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA
  2. 2.Departments of Energy & Mineral Engineering and of Chemical EngineeringPennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

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