• Jorge Hidalgo
  • Gloria M. Rodriguez-Vega
  • Pedro Arriaga


Leptospirosis is a common zoonotic infection that has been recognized for decades, particularly in poor-resource, developing countries. It has a higher incidence in tropical regions, where significant burden of the disease occurs. Leptospirosis identified as an emerging infectious disease. Severe Leptospirosis, known as Weil’s Disease characterized by fever, hepatic failure, renal failure, and respiratory failure. It is crucial to differentiate Weil’s disease from Dengue fever as patients with Leptospirosis should receive intravenous ceftriaxone as therapy. The presence of conjunctival suffusion, seen in 55% of cases, may provide an essential clue to the diagnosis.


Leptospirosis Weils’ disease Conjunctival suffusion 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jorge Hidalgo
    • 1
  • Gloria M. Rodriguez-Vega
    • 2
  • Pedro Arriaga
    • 3
  1. 1.Adult Intensive Care, Critical Care DivisionKarl Heusner Memorial HospitalBelize CityBelize
  2. 2.Department of Critical Care MedicineHospital Hima—San Pablo—CaguasRio PiedrasUSA
  3. 3.Internal MedicineKarl Heusner Memorial HospitalBelize CityBelize

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