Vascular Studies for Nonvascular Surgeons

  • Ali Rajabi-Estarabadi
  • Mahtab Forouzandeh
  • Ahmed Kayssi
  • Robert S. Kirsner
  • Afsaneh AlaviEmail author
Part of the Updates in Clinical Dermatology book series (UCD)


A patient’s therapeutic plan is guided by a combination of their medical history, vascular test results, and physical examination. Diagnostic tests play an essential role in the detection of vascular disease from both a venous and arterial standpoint. The sooner vascular disease can be identified in an individual, the sooner both physicians and patients can work toward integrating therapies that will prevent or mitigate ulcer formation. Knowledge regarding the proper indications and interpretations of the various vascular studies is critical to the successful management of each patient.


Peripheral arterial disease Venous insufficiency Leg ulcer Arterial studies Venous studies 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ali Rajabi-Estarabadi
    • 1
  • Mahtab Forouzandeh
    • 1
  • Ahmed Kayssi
    • 2
  • Robert S. Kirsner
    • 3
  • Afsaneh Alavi
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous SurgeryUniversity of Miami Miller School of MedicineMiamiUSA
  2. 2.Sunnybrook Health Sciences CentreDepartment of Vascular SurgeryTorontoCanada
  3. 3.Dr. Phillip Frost Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous SurgeryUniversity of Miami Hospital and Clinics Wound Center, University of Miami Miller School of MedicineMiamiUSA
  4. 4.Division of Dermatology, Department of MedicineWomen’s College Hospital, University of TorontoTorontoCanada

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