Advertisement

Laser Safety

  • Ferda CanbazEmail author
  • Azhar Zam
Chapter
  • 40 Downloads

Abstract

Since their invention, lasers have been successfully employed in many applications, ranging from research—in fields such as chemistry, physics, archeology, and medicine—to industry. Lasers are both a practical tool and a potentially dangerous piece of equipment. As users have different educational and experiential backgrounds, common safety rules and regulations must be specified. Currently, safety guidance is provided by international committees (such as the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection, the International Electrotechnical Commission, and the American National Standard). According to the regulations, users should be trained before working with lasers in order to provide a safe environment. Safety regulations focus mainly on protection of the human eye and skin, which are the organs most vulnerable to laser exposure. To protect these organs, it is important to know maximum exposure levels and the class of laser being used. This chapter offers some insight into working with lasers, highlighting the biological aspects underlying injury risks for different parts of the human body, laser classification details, and basic rules for laser safety.

Keywords

Lasers Laser safety Laser exposure Maximum permissible emission (MPE) 

References

  1. 1.
    Siegman AE. Lasers. Sausalito, CA: University Science Books; 1986. p. 1283.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sennaroglu A. Photonics and laser engineering: principles, devices, and applications. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2010.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Barat K. Laser safety management. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press; 2006.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Henderson R, Schulmeister K. Laser safety. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press; 2003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Sliney D, Wolbarsht M. Optical radiation hazards to the skin. In: Safety with lasers and other optical sources. New York: Springer; 1980. p. 161–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    IEC 60825-1. Safety of laser products—Part 1: Equipment classification, requirements and user’s guide. Geneva: IEC; 2001.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    ICNIRP. Guidelines. Health Phys. 2000;79:431–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    LIA Z136.1. American National Standard for safe use of lasers. FL: LIA; 2000.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biomedical EngineeringUniversity of BaselBaselSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations