Peritoneum and Retroperitoneum

  • Archana MalikEmail author


Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has become the primary imaging modality for assessing peritoneal and retroperitoneal pathology in children, given its significant advantages over multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) including superior soft tissue contrast resolution and lack of ionizing radiation. This chapter details peritoneal and retroperitoneal anatomy relevant to cross-sectional imaging, as knowledge of these structures aids understanding of disease processes affecting these areas. MR imaging protocols and techniques for optimal imaging are discussed with emphasis on pediatric patients. MR imaging findings of various disease entities that involve the peritoneum and retroperitoneum are also reviewed and discussed with case examples.


Abdominal imaging MR imaging Peritoneum Retroperitoneum Mesentery Omentum 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of RadiologySt. Christopher’s Hospital for Children, Drexel University College of MedicinePhiladelphiaUSA

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