• Alison R. Hart
  • Edward Y. LeeEmail author


MR imaging is an ideal imaging modality for evaluating the pediatric mediastinum due to its superior soft tissue characterization capability and its lack of ionizing radiation. In recent years, substantial advances in MR imaging techniques have enabled more robust evaluation of the mediastinum despite the intrinsic challenges of imaging pediatric patients. In this chapter, up-to-date MR imaging techniques, embryology, normal development and anatomy, and anatomic variants of pediatric mediastinum are reviewed. This chapter also discusses the MR imaging characteristics of selected anomalies and abnormalities affecting the pediatric mediastinum that are encountered in daily clinical practice via a practical three mediastinal compartmental imaging approach.


Magnetic resonance imaging (MR imaging) Pediatric Mediastinum Anterior mediastinal compartment Middle mediastinal compartment Posterior mediastinal compartment 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Diagnostic ImagingRhode Island Hospital, Brown UniversityProvidenceUSA
  2. 2.Division of Thoracic Imaging, Department of RadiologyBoston Children’s Hospital, Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA

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