A Descriptive Analysis of Food Retailing in Lebanon: Evidence from a Cross-Sectional Survey of Food Retailers

  • Rachel A. BahnEmail author
  • Gumataw K. Abebe


Food retail transformation and the expansion of modern food retailers (supermarketisation) may impact the agri-food system and actors along the value chain. This study utilizes a micro-level dataset to examine the food retail landscape and transformation in Lebanon, a highly-urbanised country; and differences in operations, marketing, and supply chain structures both across modern and traditional retailers and across urban and rural areas. Analysis reveals no definitive retail expansion pattern, and limited differences in operational and marketing profile between modern and traditional retailers. Urban retailers are larger employers than rural. Regarding supply chain, modern retailers are more likely than traditional to maintain contractual agreements with suppliers. Retailers make prompt payment regardless of classification, offering no indication of excess market power or eroding supplier livelihoods at the hands of modern retailers.


Supermarketisation Food retailing Retail transformation Sustainable food supply chains Lebanon 



This study was funded by the University Research Board (URB project #22687) at the American University of Beirut. There is no financial interest to report. The authors acknowledge the contribution of Ms. Lory Boutchakdjian for her support in the collection of data that underpins this chapter. The authors thank Dr. Ali Chalak for his input on conduct of appropriate statistical tests. The authors thank participants in a research seminar held at the American University of Beirut, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences in February 2017 for valuable comments on initial research findings.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Agricultural and Food SciencesAmerican University of BeirutBeirutLebanon

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