Suspected Common Bile Duct Stones (Algorithm)
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Common bile duct stones can be suspected in a patient presenting with biliary type colicky pain, elevated liver enzymes, jaundice, cholangitis or pancreatitis. Beside clinical features, laboratory evaluation and adequate abdominal imaging (primarily abdominal ultrasound) help to assess the likelihood for the presence of CBDS. Recent ESGE guidelines recommend direct ERCP in patients with visible stones or cholangitis only. In other cases (intermediate likelihood) EUS or MRCP before ERCP are recommended.
Common bile duct stone
Endoscopic papillary balloon dilation
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
Liver function tests
Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography
Percutaneous transhepatic cholangial drainage
- Gutt C, et al. New S3-guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of gallstones (DGVS Guideline 2018). 2018. https://www.dgvs.de/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/Leitlinie-Gallensteine-11.04.2018.pdf.