Advertisement

Some Thoughts on the Logical Aspects of the Problem of Evil

  • Ricardo Sousa SilvestreEmail author
Chapter
  • 5 Downloads
Part of the Sophia Studies in Cross-cultural Philosophy of Traditions and Cultures book series (SCPT, volume 34)

Abstract

My purpose in this chapter is to take seriously the idea that problem of evil is an incompatibility between the proposition that the world was created and is ruled by an omnipotent, omniscient and unlimitedly good being and one that says that there is evil and suffering in our world. Besides being in accordance with much of the literature on the problem of evil, this idea takes the problem at face value, that is to say, it sees it as a logical and incompatibility problem. More important than that, it allows for a comprehensive and elegant account of the key concepts involved in the debate: the concept of problem of evil itself, the concept of argument from evil, the concepts of logical and evidential problems of evil and the concepts of theodicy and defense can be seen and defined from the standpoint of the same general idea.

References

  1. Draper, P. 1989. Pain and pleasure: An evidential problem for theists. Nouns 23: 331–350.Google Scholar
  2. Hasker, W. 1988. Suffering, soul-making, and salvation. International Philosophical Quarterly 28: 3–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Hick, J. 1981. An irenaean theodicy. In Encountering evil: Live options in theodicy, ed. S. Davis, 39–52. Edinburgh: T & T Clark.Google Scholar
  4. Hick, J. 1985. Evil and the god of love. London: Macmillan Press.Google Scholar
  5. Howard-Snyder, D. 1996. The evidential argument from evil. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Mackie, J.L. 1955. Evil and omnipotence. Mind 64: 200–212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Makinson, D. 1994. General patterns in non-monotonic reasoning. In Handbook of logic in artificial intelligence and logic programming, ed. D. Gabbay et al., vol. 3, 35–110. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Peterson, M. 1998. God and evil. Boulder: Westview Press.Google Scholar
  9. Pike, N. 1963. Hume on evil. The Philosophical Review 72: 180–197.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Plantinga, A. 1974. The nature of necessity. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  11. ———. 1977. God, freedom, and evil. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans.Google Scholar
  12. Rowe, W. 1979. The problem of evil and some varieties of atheism. American Philosophical Quarterly 16: 335–341.Google Scholar
  13. ———. 1988. Evil and theodicy. Philosophical Topics 16: 119–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. ———. 1996. The evidential argument from evil: A second look. In The evidential argument from evil, ed. D. Howard-Snyder, 262–285. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Ruben, D. 1990. Explaining explanation. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  16. Salmon, W. 1989. Four decades of scientific explanation. In Minnesota studies in the philosophy of science, ed. P. Kitcher and W. Salmon, vol. XII. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  17. Silvestre, R. 2017. On the concept of theodicy. Sophia 56: 207–226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Tooley, M. 2002. The problem of evil. In The Stanford encyclopaedia of philosophy, ed. E. Zalta. Stanford: Stanford University Press. Google Scholar
  19. van Inwagen, P. 1991. The problem of evil, the problem of air, and the problem of silence. Philosophical Perspectives 5: 135–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Wykstra, S. 1984. The humean obstacle to evidential arguments from suffering: On avoiding the evils of appearance. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 16: 73–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Federal University of Campina GrandeCampina GrandeBrazil

Personalised recommendations