Advertisement

Design Principles of Available Machines

  • Rainer RawerEmail author
Chapter
  • 31 Downloads

Abstract

Vibration training and therapy devices differ significantly in oscillation parameters like amplitude, frequency, and also in quality and durability. The main reasons for these differences are the used movement principle (side-alternating, vertical, circular horizontal) and the mechanical driving mechanism used by a specific device. Oscillation parameters have an essential impact on training and therapy goals as well as on the performance of the device. As a consequence, significant differences are found between different quality and price categories, which can be relevant for application and safety.

The consequences of decreased production effort not only influence the usability and durability of a device, but also the quality of movement of the platform, namely the extent of high-frequency components related to potential health hazards. Most of these aspects interfere since the used mechanical principle design not only affects durability but also impacts on possible oscillation parameters as well as potential health hazards.

The marketing of devices, unfortunately, often uses incorrect and misleading performance parameters. Many manufacturers are referencing research which used completely different device types, with different oscillation parameters and movement principles. Altogether, this often implies a functionality that in fact is not possible with a specific device.

Quality aspects, therefore, not only include basic oscillation parameters like frequency, amplitude and movement principle but also their reproducibility, oscillation quality (high-frequency components), effects of loads (e.g., caused by intense exercise), durability, maintainability, device classification (training or medical), research performed with the actual device, and also professional support and product training.

Keywords

Side alternation Vertical vibration Quality Driving mechanics Movement principle Reproducibility 

References

  1. 1.
    Pel JJ, Bagheri J, van Dam LM, van den Berg-Emons HJ, Horemans HL, Stam HJ, van der Steen J. Platform accelerations of three different whole-body vibration devices and the transmission of vertical vibrations to the lower limbs. Med Eng Phys. 2009;31(8):937–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Abercromby AF, Amonette WE, Layne CS, McFarlin BK, Hinman MR, Paloski WH. Vibration exposure and biodynamic responses during whole-body vibration training. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2007;39(10):1794–800.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Shiessl H. Gerät zur Stimulation von Muskeln des Bewegungsaparates, German Patent, DE19634396, 1996 / Device for Stimulating Muscle, United States Patent, US6217491, 1999.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Koch M, Schuler T. Gerät zur Stimulation des menschlichen Körpers mittels vibration, European Patent, EP1649845, 2004Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    McLeod KJ, Rubin CT. Non-invasive means for in-vivo bone-growth stimulation, United States Patent, US5273028, 1993Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    King SB. Vibration apparatus of exercise, United States Patent, US7414029, 2006Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bergmann G, Kutzner I, Bender A, Dymke J, Trepczynski A, Duda GN, Felsenberg D, Damm P. Loading of the hip and knee joints during whole body vibration training. PLoS One. 2018;13(12):e0207014.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ritzmann R, Kramer A, Gruber M, Gollhofer A, Taube W. EMG activity during whole body vibration: motion artifacts or stretch reflexes. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2010;110(1):143–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pollock RD, Woledge RC, Mills KR, Martin FC, Newham DJ. Muscle activity and acceleration during whole body vibration: effect of frequency and amplitude. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2010;25(8):840–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Rauch F, Sievanen H, Boonen S, Cardinale M, Degens H, Felsenberg D, Roth J, Schoenau E, Verschueren S, Rittweger J. Reporting whole-body vibration intervention studies: recommendations of the International Society of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions. J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact. 2010;10(3):193–8.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Regterschot GR, Van Heuvelen MJ, Zeinstra EB, Fuermaier AB, Tucha L, Koerts J, Tucha O, Van Der Zee EA. Whole body vibration improves cognition in healthy young adults. PLoS One. 2014;9(6):e100506.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ritzmann R, Gollhofer A, Kramer A. The influence of vibration type, frequency, body position and additional load on the neuromuscular activity during whole body vibration. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2013;113:1–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research & Development Department, Galileo Training & TherapyNovotec Medical GmbHPforzheimGermany

Personalised recommendations