Advertisement

Cancer of the Lymphoid, Hematopoietic, and Related Tissue

  • Diana Molinares
  • Sara Parke
  • Ekta GuptaEmail author
Chapter
  • 69 Downloads

Abstract

Cancers of the lymphoid, hematopoietic, and related tissues are also known as blood cancers. Blood cancers are often characterized by the uncontrolled proliferation of abnormal blood cells, which reduces the production of normal blood cells and impairs blood function. Lymphomas are lymphoproliferative disorders derived from the lymphoid stem cell. Also identified by their cell lineage, mature B-Cell, T-cell, and Natural Killer-cell neoplasms can be of several types. Myeloma is a proliferative disorder of plasma cells. Although more research is needed to determine the intensity and type of exercise recommended in patients with hematopoietic-cancer-related fatigue, exercise is believed to improve fatigue, mood, sleep, and functional capacity.

Keywords

lymphoma leukemia myeloma fatigue 

References

  1. 1.
    Hematology ASo. Blood cancers 2019. Available from: http://www.hematology.org/Patients/Cancers/.
  2. 2.
    Hematology ASo. Blood basics 2019. Available from: http://www.hematology.org/Patients/Basics/.
  3. 3.
    National Comprehensive Cancer Network. Multiple myeloma. Fort Washington: National Comprehensive Cancer Network; 2017.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kursad Turksen PD, editor. Hematopoietic stem cell biology. New York: Humana Press; 2010.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Stubblefield MD. Cancer rehabilitation 2E: principles and practice. New York: Springer Publishing Company; 2018.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Jaffe ES. Diagnosis and classification of lymphoma: impact of technical advances. Semin Hematol. 2019;56(1):30–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Rajkumar SV, Dimopoulos MA, Palumbo A, Blade J, Merlini G, Mateos MV, et al. International Myeloma Working Group updated criteria for the diagnosis of multiple myeloma. Lancet Oncol. 2014;15(12):e538–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hematology ASo. Myeloma: American Society of Hematology. 2019. Available from: http://www.hematology.org/Patients/Cancers/Myeloma.aspx.
  9. 9.
    Dispenzieri A. POEMS syndrome: 2011 update on diagnosis, risk-stratification, and management. Am J Hematol. 2011;86(7):591–601.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Fernandez de Larrea C, Verga L, Morbini P, Klersy C, Lavatelli F, Foli A, et al. A practical approach to the diagnosis of systemic amyloidoses. Blood. 2015;125(14):2239–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Fu JB, Tennison JM, Rutzen-Lopez IM, Silver JK, Morishita S, Dibaj SS, et al. Bleeding frequency and characteristics among hematologic malignancy inpatient rehabilitation patients with severe thrombocytopenia. Support Care Cancer. 2018;26(9):3135–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Sebio Garcia R, Yanez Brage MI, Gimenez Moolhuyzen E, Granger CL, Denehy L. Functional and postoperative outcomes after preoperative exercise training in patients with lung cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg. 2016;23(3):486–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bovelli D, Plataniotis G, Roila F, ESMO Guidelines Working Group. Cardiotoxicity of chemotherapeutic agents and radiotherapy-related heart disease: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines. Ann Oncol. 2010;21(Suppl 5):v277–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Daly RM. Exercise and nutritional approaches to prevent frail bones, falls and fractures: an update. Climacteric. 2017;20(2):119–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Smith SR, Haig AJ, Couriel DR. Musculoskeletal, neurologic, and cardiopulmonary aspects of physical rehabilitation in patients with chronic graft-versus-host disease. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2015;21(5):799–808.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Steinberg A, Asher A, Bailey C, Fu JB. The role of physical rehabilitation in stem cell transplantation patients. Support Care Cancer. 2015;23(8):2447–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Wiskemann J, Huber G. Physical exercise as adjuvant therapy for patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Bone Marrow Transplant. 2008;41(4):321–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Baumann FT, Kraut L, Schule K, Bloch W, Fauser AA. A controlled randomized study examining the effects of exercise therapy on patients undergoing haematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Bone Marrow Transplant. 2010;45(2):355–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Gleeson M, Bishop NC, Stensel DJ, Lindley MR, Mastana SS, Nimmo MA. The anti-inflammatory effects of exercise: mechanisms and implications for the prevention and treatment of disease. Nat Rev Immunol. 2011;11(9):607–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Palliative, Rehabilitation and Integrative MedicineUniversity of Texas MD Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA

Personalised recommendations