Challenges for the University: Recovering Authentic Liberal Culture During Ascendant and Populist Neoliberalism
- 18 Downloads
This chapter reflects on the transformation of higher education institutions in the USA over the past decades in the context of the ascendance of neoliberal governance and management. It provides analytical as well as practical perspectives on how to comprehend, engage with, and ameliorate the current crisis of higher education. We first establish the social functions of higher education in modern liberal public life. We posit the ideological traits of neoliberalism as a new governance and management that bends and reshapes the higher education system. It reconfigures the curriculum, educational content, and the social/cultural life of the universities in three basic ways: from non-market to all-market forms, from exchange processes to competitive processes, and view of the market from a ‘natural’ to an ‘ideal’ (indeed, imperative and essential) form. These transformations ripple through administrative/economic dispositions that alter the work processes and work conditions at universities. These changes affect all aspects of universities: the governing bodies, the faculty or academy, students, and entities external to the university. Finally, we discuss ameliorative paths for recovering and restoring the public functions of the higher education system for social progress.
- Bowen, William M., and Schwartz Michael. 2016. Higher Education, Governance, and Academic Freedom. In (Re)Discovering University Autonomy: The Global Market Paradox of Stakeholder and Educational Values in Higher Education, ed. Romeo V. Turcan, John E. Reilly, and Larissa Bugaian, 27–43. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Chomsky, Noam. 1999. Profit Over People: Neoliberalism and Global Order, New York: Seven Stories Press.Google Scholar
- Fuller, Steve. 2009. “The Genealogy of Judgment: Towards a Deep History of Academic Freedom,” British Journal of Educational Studies, 57 (2) 164–177.Google Scholar
- Gökmen, Özgür. 2017. Jan-Werner Müller, What Is Populism? (2016). Review of What is Populism by Jan-Werner Müller. Markets, Globalization & Development Review 2 (2). Article 7. https://bit.ly/2P2NMah. Accessed on 20 May 2019.
- Gould, Andrew. 1999. Origins of Liberal Dominance, Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.Google Scholar
- Gray, John. 1995. Liberalism, Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
- Gross, Daniel. 2008. Harvard’s Investment Errors. Moneybox, November 17. https://bit.ly/2V1Ouse. Accessed on 15 May 2019.
- Harvey, David. 2007. A Brief History of Neoliberalism, Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Kuo, Kaiser. 2015. What’s the Difference Between the Renaissance and the Enlightenment? Quora, January 9. http://bit.ly/309VnYF. Accessed on 11 May 2019.
- Lazzarato, Maurizio. 2004. European Cultural Tradition and the New Forms of Production and Circulation of Knowledge. Trans. Bram Dov. Multitudes, January 16. https://bit.ly/2P2YJJ4. Accessed on 20 May 2019.
- Metzger, Walter P. 1955. Academic Freedom in the Age of the University, New York: Columbia University Press. Studies), New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Miller, Toby. 2009. Governmentality and Commodification: The Keys to Yanqui Academic Hierarchy. In Toward a Global Autonomous University: Cognitive Labor, the Production of Knowledge, and Exodus from the Education Factory, ed. The Edu-factory Collective, 72–79. New York: Autonomedia.Google Scholar
- Miller, Ben. 2018. New Federal Data Show America Still Needs to Improve College. Center for American Progress, July 12. https://ampr.gs/37Hd9Ff. Accessed on 14 May 2019.
- Monbiot, George. 2007. How the Neoliberals Stitched Up the Wealth of Nations for Themselves. The Guardian, August 28. http://bit.ly/2JeMOGx. Accessed on 11 May 2019.
- ———. 2016. Neoliberalism: The Ideology at the Root of All Our Problems. The Guardian, April 15. http://bit.ly/2vTyc6M. Accessed on 11 May 2019.
- Ozgun, Aras, Dholakia Nikhilesh, and Atik Deniz. 2017. Marketization and Foucault. Global Business Review 18 (3S): 1–12.Google Scholar
- Read, Jason. 2009. University Experience: Neoliberalism Against the Commons. In Toward a Global Autonomous University: Cognitive Labor, the Production of Knowledge, and Exodus from the Education Factory, ed. The Edu-factory Collective, 151–153. New York: Autonomedia.Google Scholar
- Schworm, Peter. 2008. Harvard’s Endowment Surpasses $34 Billion: Stock Market Fuels Investment Gains for Elite Colleges and Universities. The Boston Globe, January 24. https://bit.ly/38xZfX0. Accessed on 25 May 2019.
- Selingo, Jeffrey, Sonny Chheng, and Cole Clark. 2017. Pathways to the University Presidency: The Future of Higher Education Leadership. Deloitte Insights, April 18. http://bit.ly/2VTfrzb. Accessed on 12 May 2019.
- Standing, Guy. 2016. The Precariat: The New Dangerous Class. London: Bloomsbury Academic.Google Scholar
- Steger, Manfred B. and Ravi K. Roy. 2010. Neoliberalism: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Susser, Bernard. 1995. Political Ideology in the Modern World, Upper Saddle River, NJ: Allyn and Bacon, 1995.Google Scholar
- Turcan, Romeo V., Reilly John, and Bugaian Larissa, eds. 2016. (Re)Discovering University Autonomy: The Global Market Paradox of Stakeholder and Educational Values in Higher Education. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Wilson, Julie A. 2018. Neoliberalism (Key Ideas in Media and Cultural Studies), New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Wolff, Rick. 1997. Why Provoke This Strike? Yale and the U. S. Economy. Social Text 49: 21–24.Google Scholar