Atlas of Fish of Tapajós and Negro Rivers III: Perciformes and Other Fish Groups

  • Renato A. M. SilvanoEmail author
  • Pedro P. Nitschke
  • Kaluan C. Vieira
  • Paula Nagl
  • Astrid T. R. Martínez
  • Márcia C. F. Dutra
  • Friedrich W. Keppeler
  • Junior A. Chuctaya
  • Marcelo C. Andrade


This chapter brings photographs and detailed information on two families and 23 species of the order Cichliformes and Perciformes, which includes some of the most important fish species for commerce and food in the studied rivers, such as the tucunarés (Cichla spp.) also known as peacock bass. Besides being valued in sport fishing, this group of fishes has been regularly exploited, especially to be commercialized as food, throughout the studied rivers. Other smaller species from the families Cichlidae and Sciaenidae may not have high market value, but are an important regular food supply for riverine people. This chapter also includes photographs and detailed information on seven orders, eight families, and 11 species of some distinct groups of fish that are commonly found in some Amazonian rivers, but are usually not as diverse as the other groups addressed in previous chapters of this book. These fishes include groups with closer marine relatives, such as Clupeiformes and Carangiformes (flatfishes), besides the freshwater stingrays (Potamotrygonidae). Although seldom exploited for food, the stingrays may be valued by the aquarium trade and are some of the most feared fish by the Amazonian people, due to the sharp spines that these fish have in their tales. These fish were sampled through standard 24-hour experimental fishing with gillnets, in lake and river sites (two sites per community) in 16 fishing communities in the Negro and Tapajós rivers (eight communities in each river), including communities located inside and outside protected areas (Extractive Reserves), as illustrated by the maps showing the distribution of fish sampled and fish catches by fishers along the two studied rivers. We also show data from fish landings in all these 16 communities, which were voluntarily recorded by fishers themselves during a participatory monitoring program. The methods used are explained in ► Chap.  2, while ► Chap.  3 brings general results of the fisheries monitoring. We show data on distribution, abundance, fish sizes, length-weight relationship, plus data on fisheries, including fish biomass caught among studied fishing communities, fishing gear use, seasonality, and sizes of fish caught for those groups of species that are exploited for commerce or food purposes.


Fish diversity Cichlids Stingrays Small-scale fisheries Fish sizes Length-weight relation Fish distribution Peacock bass Tucunaré 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Renato A. M. Silvano
    • 1
    Email author
  • Pedro P. Nitschke
    • 1
  • Kaluan C. Vieira
    • 1
  • Paula Nagl
    • 1
  • Astrid T. R. Martínez
    • 2
  • Márcia C. F. Dutra
    • 1
  • Friedrich W. Keppeler
    • 3
    • 4
  • Junior A. Chuctaya
    • 5
  • Marcelo C. Andrade
    • 6
  1. 1.Universidade Federal do Rio Grande Sul (UFRGS), Departamento de EcologiaPorto AlegreBrazil
  2. 2.Pontificia Universidad JaverianaBogotaColombia
  3. 3.Department of Wildlife and Fisheries SciencesTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA
  4. 4.Center for LimnologyUW-MadisonMadisonUSA
  5. 5.Universidade Federal do Rio Grande Sul (UFRGS), Departamento de ZoologiaPorto AlegreBrazil
  6. 6.Universidade Federal do Pará, Núcleo de Ecologia Aquática e Pesca da AmazôniaBelémBrazil

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