Metals and Alloys

  • Andreas Hauptmann
Part of the Natural Science in Archaeology book series (ARCHAEOLOGY)


Pure metals are rarely used in modern technology. In most cases, alloys are used. These are very intimate, deliberately produced mixtures of a base metal and other metals, or today also non-metals, e.g. with silicon. The base metal for a tin bronze or for brass is copper, alloying elements are tin and zinc. Steels are alloys of iron with carbon.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andreas Hauptmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Haus der Archäologien, ArchaeometallurgyDeutsches Bergbau-Museum / Ruhr UniversityBochumGermany

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