Stress and the State

  • James Paul GeeEmail author


This chapter discusses the role of stress and anxiety in human life and the human need to belong to groups. It connects these two things to the role of the state in creating co-citizenship as a form of social belonging. It argues, as well, that the state is a fetish.


State Civics Belonging Fetish And civil obedience 


  1. Anderson, B. (1983). Imagined communities: Reflections on the origin and spread of nationalism. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  2. Christakis, N. A. (2019). Blueprint: The evolutionary origins of a good society. New York: Little Brown Spark.Google Scholar
  3. de La Boétie, E. (1975). The politics of obedience: The discourse of voluntary servitude. Auburn, AL: The Mises Institute (Originally 1552–1553).Google Scholar
  4. Greene, J. (2013). Moral tribes: Emotion, reason, and the gap between us and them. New York: Penguin.Google Scholar
  5. Harris, N. B. (2018). The deepest well: Healing the long-term effects of childhood adversity. New York: Houghton Mifflin.Google Scholar
  6. Ignatieff, M. (1994). Blood and belonging: Journeys into the new nationalism. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.Google Scholar
  7. Jenkins, H. (2006a). Confronting the challenges of participatory culture: Media education for the 21st century. Chicago: MacArthur Foundation.Google Scholar
  8. Jenkins, H. (2006b). Convergence culture: Where old and new media collide. New York: NYU Press.Google Scholar
  9. Klimberg, A. (2017). The darkening web: The war for cyberspace. New York: Penguin.Google Scholar
  10. MacLean, N. (2017). Democracy in chains: The deep history of the radical right’s stealth plan for America. New York: Penguin.Google Scholar
  11. Marmot, M. (2004). The status syndrome: How social standing affects our health and longevity. New York: Holt.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Mazzucato, M. (2018). The value of everything: Making and taking in the global economy. New York: PublicAffairs.Google Scholar
  13. Moffett, M. W. (2018). The human swarm: How our societies arise, thrive, and fall. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  14. Perry, B. D., & Szalavitz, M. (2017). The boy who was raised as a dog: And other stories from a child psychiatrist’s notebook–What traumatized children can teach us about loss, love, and healing (2nd ed.). New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  15. Pickett, K., & Wilkinson, R. (2011). The spirit level: Why greater equality makes societies stronger. New York: Bloomsbury.Google Scholar
  16. Shirky, C. (2008). Here comes everybody: The power of organizing without organizations. New York: Penguin.Google Scholar
  17. Shirky, C. (2010). Cognitive surplus: Creativity and generosity in a connected age. New York: Penguin.Google Scholar
  18. Stiglitz, J. E. (2013). The price of inequality: How today’s divided society endangers our future. New York: Norton.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Weinberger, D. (2012). Too big to know: Rethinking knowledge now that the facts aren’t the facts, experts are everywhere, and the smartest person in the room Is the room. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  20. Wilkinson, R., & Pickett, K. (2018). The inner level: How more equal societies reduce stress, restore sanity and improve everyone’s well-being. New York: Penguin.Google Scholar
  21. Wilson, D. S. (2019). This view of life: Completing the Darwinian revolution. New York: Pantheon Books.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Arizona State UniversityTempeUSA

Personalised recommendations