How Do Scientists Doing Animal Experimentation View the Co-evolution Between Science and Society? The Swiss Case

  • Fabienne Crettaz Von RotenEmail author


Laboratory animal science is a very relevant domain in which to study the co-evolution between science and society, by reference to Nowotny et al.’s (Re-thinking science. Knowledge in an age of uncertainty. Cambridge: Polity, 2001) concept. Cross-fertilizations between science and society also combine university, industry, and government. A socio-historic analysis of this co-evolution in Switzerland highlights three new constraints for scientists doing animal experimentation: in their training, in their scientific practice, and in their relationship with society. A few studies have documented these changes separately, but they have not previously been analysed simultaneously. We propose to remedy this deficiency by studying scientists doing animal experimentation in Switzerland. The results of this study indicate a heterogeneous level of acceptance of each constraint, and few links between the level of acceptance of one constraint and the level of acceptance of another constraint. A multivariate analysis allows us to visualize the number of constraints accepted according to socio-demographic and professional groups of scientists.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2021

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of LausanneLausanneSwitzerland

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