Tumors of the Pineal Gland

  • Abdullah Husain Al Ramadan
  • Sadeq Wasil Al-Dandan
  • Muthanna Noaman Abdulqader


Pineal tumors are estimated to represent 0.4–1% of central nervous system tumors in adulthood. It is more common in children where it represents around 3–8%. It can be classified into germ cell tumors, pineal parenchymal tumors, glial tumors, and other miscellaneous tumors. The most important factors to predict the overall survival in pineal parenchymal tumors are age, presence of dissemination, and the histopathological features.


Pineal Tumors Germinoma Teratoma Choriocarcinoma 



All the pathology slides except Figure 5.4 were taken from Figure 15.08, Chapter 15 ,WHO classification of Tumours of the Central Nervous System, Revised 4th Edition, published by international Agency for Research on Cancer, 69372 Lyon Cedex 08, France.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abdullah Husain Al Ramadan
    • 1
  • Sadeq Wasil Al-Dandan
    • 2
  • Muthanna Noaman Abdulqader
    • 3
  1. 1.Section of Neurosurgery, Department of NeurosciencesKing Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research CentreRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Department of PathologyMaternity and Children HospitalAl-AhsaSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Department of NeurosurgeryNeurosurgery Teaching HospitalBaghdadIraq

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