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Animal Based Surgical Training in Pineal Approaches

  • Samer S. HozEmail author
  • Rami Darwazeh
  • Mohammed Sabah Abdulqader
  • Osama Majeed Alaawadi
  • Gulshan Talat Muhammed
  • Awfa Aktham Abdullateef
  • Aysar Khudhair Jassam
  • Alyaa Khadim Abdulreda
  • Hayder Ali Al-Saadi
Chapter
  • 36 Downloads

Abstract

The nonliving animal head model greatly simulates the standard neurosurgical procedures, and thus it is a useful, cost effective, and an easily applicable tool for developing and refining neurosurgical skills. Like any surgical specialty, neurosurgery requires the development of dexterity and skills for basic up to difficult techniques and procedures. In delicate organs such as the central nervous system, the neurosurgeon’s individual skills play a crucial role in preventing complications and determining patient outcome. Active measures for further development and refinement of nonliving animal-based models and programs are warranted for optimized residency outcome.

Keywords

Pineal Animal Sheep Simulation Microneurosurgical 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Samer S. Hoz
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rami Darwazeh
    • 2
  • Mohammed Sabah Abdulqader
    • 3
  • Osama Majeed Alaawadi
    • 3
  • Gulshan Talat Muhammed
    • 3
  • Awfa Aktham Abdullateef
    • 3
  • Aysar Khudhair Jassam
    • 3
  • Alyaa Khadim Abdulreda
    • 3
  • Hayder Ali Al-Saadi
    • 3
  1. 1.Neurosurgery Teaching HospitalBaghdadIraq
  2. 2.Department of NeurosurgeryThe First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical UniversityChongqingChina
  3. 3.Department of NeurosurgeryNeurosurgery Teaching HospitalBaghdadIraq

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