Relationship Between Frugal and Inclusive Innovation and Digital Employment Solutions (DES): A Review

  • Marja AholaEmail author
  • Afnan Zafar
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1253)


Inclusive and frugal innovations are the key to managing workforce potential of the underdeveloped regions of South Asia (SA). Digital employment solutions (DES) can help to improve the targeted mobility of labour between developed and underdeveloped regions and countries. This research explores the relationship between frugal and inclusive innovations and DES. This review study analyses 16 articles to investigate this relationship. The study found direct and indirect relationships among frugal and inclusive innovations, DES and the employment situation in developed and underdeveloped regions and countries. Frugal innovations and DES may be an appropriate solution to tackle the employment problems in SA but cultural, social and economic barriers can affect the success of the overall process. Researchers and policymakers should, however, carefully evaluate the nature of target regions, the degree of cooperation and evaluation of various related barriers.


Frugal innovation Inclusive innovation Underprivileged regions South Asia Digital employment solutions DES 


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Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2021

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.LAB University of Applied SciencesLahtiFinland
  2. 2.University of GävleGävleSweden

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