Prevention of Occupational Risks Related to the Human-Robot Collaboration

  • Laurie Brun
  • Liên WiolandEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1253)


Industrial robotics called “collaborative” makes operator share his workspace with a robot or even perform tasks simultaneously with it. Human-robot co-activity situations as all new technologies, modify the operator’s work and raise health and safety issues at work. To prevent occupational accidents and diseases but also to better understand Human-Robot Collaboration in the workplace, a study based on an ergonomics approach was conducted in a food company. Preliminary results show that handling tasks decrease while supervisory tasks increase, Operators have therefore more interest in their activity and feel valued. They think that collaborative robot integration improves their work conditions. However, mechanical moving parts (arms, tools, handled parts) of these cobots have sometimes hit operators. This study tries to work out ways to improve this collaboration in terms of health and safety.


Human-machine interaction Human-robot collaboration Occupational risks prevention Supervisory activity Health and safety 


  1. 1.
    Cesta, A., Orlandini, A., Bernardi, G., Umbrico, A.: Towards a planning based framework for symbiotic human–robot collaboration. In: 2016 IEEE 21st International Conference on Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation (ETFA), pp. 1–8 (2016)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    El Zaatari, S., Marei, M., Weidong, L., Usman, Z.: Cobot programming for collaborative industrial tasks: an overview. Robot. Auton. Syst. 116, 162–180 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Muller, R., Vette, M., Mailahn, O.: Process-oriented task assignment for assembly processes with human–robot interaction. Proc. CIRP 44, 210–215 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Peternel, L., Kim, W., Babic, J., Ajoudani, A.: Towards ergonomic control of human–robot co-manipulation and handover. In: 2017 IEEE-RAS 17th International Conference on Humanoid Robotics (Humanoids), IEEE (2017)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bicchi, A., Peshkin, M.A., Colgate, J.E.: Safety for physical human–robot interaction. In: Siciliano, B., Khatib, O. (eds.) Springer Handbook of Robotics, pp. 1335–1348. Springer, Heidelberg (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Tihay, D, Perrin, N.: Human-robot co-activity: needs analysis. In: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Safety of Industrial Automated Systems SIAS 2018, Nancy, France, 10–12 October 2018, pp. 40–47 (2018)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    ISO 10218:2011 Robots et dispositifs robotiques—Exigences de sécurité pour les robots industriels—Partie 1: Robots (2011)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    ISO Standard ISO/TS 15066 - Robots and robotic devices – Collaborative robots (2016)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2021

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.French National Research and Safety Institute for the Prevention of Occupational Accidents and Diseases (INRS)VandoeuvreFrance

Personalised recommendations