Advertisement

Clonal Propagation of Mature Trees: Problems and Possible Solutions

  • J. M. Bonga
Chapter
Part of the Forestry Sciences book series (FOSC, volume 24-26)

Abstract

Even though some tree species can be micropropagated from tissues collected from mature trees (see volume 3), many others can presently be propagated only from tissues of juvenile specimens, i.e., embryos or young seedlings. However, cloning of mature trees is generally preferred over cloning of embryos or seedlings because often it is not possible to determine if these embryos or seedlings have the genetic potential to develop the desired qualities later in their life cycle. Some species show reasonable juvenile-mature correlations for a few characteristics (79) and for these, selections can, under certain circumstances, be made at an early age. However, for many species, most foresters prefer to select sexually mature trees of about half the rotation age (82).

Keywords

Adventitious Shoot Mature Tree Shoot Meristem Larix Decidua Embryo Explants 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    ABBOT AJ 1978 Practice and promise of micropropagation of woody species. Acta Hortic 79: 113–127Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    AITKEN-CHRISTIE J, AP SINGH, KJ HORGAN, TA THORPE 1982 Cellular events influencing shoot formation in Pinus radiata cotyledons. In A Fujiwara, ed, Plant Tissue Culture 1982. Proc 5th Int Cong Plant Tissue Cell Cult, Tokyo, pp 175–176Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    ALSOP WR, WF BOSS, RL MOTT 1979 A comparison of membranes and embryogenically-competent and non-competent cells. HortScience 14: 424Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    ARNOLD S VON, T ERIKSSON 1981 Production of adventitious plants from spruce and pine. In Symposium on Clonal Forestry. Res Notes 32, UppsalaGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    ARNOLD S VON 1984 Importance of genotype on the potential for in vitro adventitious bud production of Picea abies. For Sci 30: 314–318Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    BALL EA, DM MORRIS, JA RYDELIUS 1978 Cloning of Sequoia sempervirens from mature trees through tissue culture. Proc Round Table Conf In Vitro“ Multiplication Woody Species, Gembloux, Belgium, June 6–8 1978, pp 181–226Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    BARLASS M, WJR GRANT, KGM SKENE 1980 Shoot regeneration in vitro from native Australian fruit-bearing trees–Quandong and plum bush. Aust J Bot 28: 405–409CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    BEISSON J 1977 Non-nucleic acid inheritance and epigenetic phenomena. In L Goldstein and DM Prescott, eds, Cell Biology, a Comprehensive Treatise, Vol I. Academic Press, New York, pp 375–421Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    BEKKAOUI F, A FRANCLET, N WALKER 1984 Culture in vitro de méristèmes de Douglas âgé et juvénile. Ann Rech Sylvicol, AFOCEL, pp 45–73Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    BLAKE TJ 1983 Coppice systems for short-rotation intensive forestry: the influence of cultural, seasonal and plant factors. Aust For Res 13: 270–291Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    BONGA JM 1977 Organogenesis in in vitro cultures of embryonic shoots of Abies balsamea (balsam fir). In Vitro 13: 41–48Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    BONGA JM 1981 Organogensis in vitro of tissues from mature conifers. In Vitro 17: 511–518Google Scholar
  13. L3. BONGA JM 1982 Vegetative propagation in relation to juvenility, maturity, and rejuvenation. In JM Bonga and DJ Durzan, eds, Tissue Culture in Forestry. Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, pp 387–412Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    BONGA JM 1983 In vitro propagation of conifers. In L Zsuffa, RM Rauter, CW Yeatman, eds, Clonal Forestry: Its Impact on Tree Improvement and our Future Forests. Can Tree Improvement Assoc, Proc 19th Meeting, Part 2, Toronto, pp 75–83Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    BONGA JM 1984 Adventitious shoot and root formation in tissue cultures of mature Larix decidua. In J Hanover, D Karnosky, D Keatly, eds, International Symposium of Recent Advances in Forest Biotechnology, Traverse City, Michigan, pp 64–68Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    BONGA JM 1984 Adventitious shoot formation in cultures of immature female strobili of Larix decidua. Physiol Plant 62: 416–421CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    BORNMAN CH 1985 Hormonal control of growth and differentiation in conifer tissues in vitro. Biol Plant 27: 249–256CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 13.
    BOULAY M 1984 Aspects pratiques de la multiplication in vitro des essences forestières. Ann Rech Sylvicol, AFOCEL, pp 9–43Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    BOURIQUET R, M TSOGAS, A BLASELLE 1984 Essais de rajeunissement de l’épicéa par les cytokinines. Ann Rech Sylvicol, AFOCEL, pp 173–185Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    CARR DJ 1976 Plasmodesmata in growth and development. In BES Gunning, AW Robards, eds, Intercellular Communication in Plants: Studies on Plasmodesmata. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp 243–289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    CAUVIN B 1981 Réjuvénilisation multiplication d’ortets séniles: Eucalyptus. Ann Rech Sylvicol, AFOCEL, France, pp 73–105Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    CHALUPA V 1984 In vitro propagation of oak (Quercus robur L.) and linden (Tilia cordata Mill.). Biol Plant 26: 374–377CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    COLE DW 1983 Redwood sprout growth tree decades after thinning. J For 81: 148–157Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    DESBIEZ MO, Y KERGOSIEN, P CHAMPAGNAT, M THELLIER 1984 Memorization and delayed expression of regulatory messages in plants. Planta 160: 392–399CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    DILLON LS 1983 The Inconstant Gene. Plenum Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    DRIRA N, A BENBADIS 1985 Multiplication végétative du Palmier dattier (Phoenix dactylifera L.) par révision, en culture in vitro, d’ébauches florales de pieds femelles. J Plant Physiol 119: 227–235CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    DURAND-CRESSWELL R, M BOULAY, A FRANCLET 1982 Vegetative propagation of Eucalyptus. In JM Bonga and DJ Durzan, eds, Tissue Culture in Forestry. Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, pp 150–181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    DURE LS 1975 Seed formation. Annu Rev Plant Physiol 26: 259278Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    FINK S 1983 The occurrence of adventitious and preventitious buds within the bark of some temperate and tropical trees. Am J Bot 70: 532–542CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    FINK S 1984 Some cases of delayed or induced development of axillary buds from persisting detached meristems in conifers. Am J Bot 71: 44–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    FORTANIER EJ, H JONKERS 1976 Juvenility and maturity of plants as influenced by their ontogenetical and physiological ageing. Acta Hortic 56: 37–44Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    FOURET Y, Y ARNAUD, C LARRIEU 1984 Rajeunissement in vitro du Sequoia sempervirens. Ann Rech Sylvicol, AFOCEL, pp 111–137Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    FRANCLET A 1983 Rejuvenation: theory and practical experiences in clonal silviculture. In L Zsuffa, RM Rauter, CW Yeatman, eds, Clonal Forestry: its Impact on Tree Improvement and our Future Forests. Can Tree Improvement Assoc, Proc 19th Meeting, Part 2, Toronto, pp 96–134Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    GREENWOOD MS 1984 Phase change in loblolly pine: shoot development as a function of age. Physiol Plant 61: 518–522CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    GUNNING BES, AW ROBARDS 1976 Plasmodesmata: current knowledge and outstanding problems. In BES Gunning, AW Robards, eds, Intercellular Communication in Plants: Studies on Plasmodes-mata. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp 297–311CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    HESLOP-HARRISON J 1967 Differentiation. Annu Rev Plant Physiol 18: 325–348CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    HOLLIDAY R 1984 The biological significance of meiosis. In CW Evans, HG Dickinson, eds, Controlling Events in Meiosis. Symp Soc Exp Biol 38, pp 381–394Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    ISIKAWA H 1984 In vitro culture of forest tree calluses and organs. JARQ 18: 131–141Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    JACQUIOT C 1964 Structure des racines excisées ou des organes néoformés par le tissue cambial d’arbres cultivés in vitro. Rev Cytol Biol Vég 27: 319–322Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    JACQUIOT C 1967 Les problèmes des tissus secondaires. Bull Soc Bot Fr 114: 129–136Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    JACQUIOT C 1972 Réflexions sur les rapports entre tissus secondaires et tissus primaires. Ann Sci Univ Besancon 3e Ser Bot 12: 87–89Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    JACQUIOT C 1977 La multiplication végétative chez les végétaux. Bull Soc Bot Fr 124: 141–143Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    JONES LH 1983 The oil palm and its clonal propagation by tissue culture. Biologist 30: 181–188Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    JORDAN M, I CORTES, G MONTENEGRO 1983 Regeneration of plant-lets by embryogenesis from callus cultures of Carica candamarcensis. Plant Sci Lett 28: 321–326Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    KRIKORIAN AD 1982 Cloning higher plants from aseptically cultured tissues and cells. Biol Rev 57: 151–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    LIMA-DE-FARIA A 1983 Molecular Evolution and Organization of the Chromosome. Elsevier, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    LIU SJ, E TILLBERG 1984 Sensitivity to phytohormones determined by outer-inner polarity of higher plants: an overall model of phytohormone action. Plant Cell Environ 7: 75–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    LUXOVA M, A LUX 1981 Latent root primordia in poplar stem. Biol Plant 23: 285–290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    MASCARENHAS AF, PK GUPTA, VM KULKARNI, U METHA, RS IYER, SS KHUSPE, V JAGANNATHAN 1982 Propagation of trees by tissue culture. In AN Rao, ed, Tissue Culture of Economically Important Plants. COSTED and ANBS, Singapore, pp 175–179Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    MASCARENHAS Ar, S HAZARA, U POTDAR, DK KULKARNI, PK GUPTA 1982 Rapid clonal multiplication of mature forest trees through tissue culture. In A Fujiwara, ed, Plant Tissue Culture 1982. Proc 5th Int Cong Plant Tissue Cell Cult, Tokyo, pp 719–720Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    MCDANIEL CN 1980 Influence of leaves and roots on meristem development in Nicotiana tabacum L. cv. Wisconsin 38. Planta 148: 462–467Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    MEINS F JR, AN BINNS 1978 Epigenetic clonal variation in the requirement of plant cells for cytokinins. In S Subtelny and IM Sussex, eds, The Clonal Basis of Development. Academic Press, New York, pp 185–201Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    MEYNIER V 1984 Contribution de la culture de méristèmes à la micropropagation in vitro du noyer. Ann Rech Sylvicol, AFOCEL, pp 74–85Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    MISSON JP, M COUMANS, P GIOT-WIRGOT, TH GASPAR 1982 Induction de bourgeous adventifs sur bourgeons de Picea pungens en culture in vitro. Z Pflanzenphysiol 107: 161–167Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    MONTEUUIS O 1984 La multiplication végétative du séquoia géant en vue du clonage. Ann Rech Sylvicol, AFOCEL, pp 139–172Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    MULLINS MG, Y NAIR, P SAMPET 1979 Rejuvenation in vitro: Induction of juvenile characters in an adult clone of Vitis vinifera L. Ann Bot 44: 623–627Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    NAGL W 1979 Differential DNA replication in plants: a critical review. Z Pflanzenphysiol 95: 283–314Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    NAGMANI R, JM BONGA 1985 Embryogenesis in subcultured callus of Larix decidua. Can J For Res 15: 1088–1091CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    NOODEN LD 1984 Integration of soybean pod development and monocarpic senescence. Physiol Plant 62: 273–284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    NOZERAN R 1984 Integration of organismal development. In PW Barlow, DJ Carr, eds, Positional Controls in Plant Development. Cambridge Univ Press, Cambridge, pp 375–401Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    PATEL GK, VA BAPAT, PS RAO 1983 In vitro culture of organ explants of Morus indica: Plant regeneration and fruit formation in axillary bud culture. Z Pflanzenphysiol 111: 465–468Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    POLITO VS, V ALLIATA 1981 Growth of calluses derived from shoot apical meristems of adult and juvenile Engilsh ivy (Hedera helix L.). Plant Sci Lett 22: 387–393CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    PORTER EK, D PARRY, J BIRD, HG DICKINSON 1984 Nucleic acid metabolism in the nucleus and cytoplasm of angiosperm meiocytes. In CW Evans, HG Dickinson, eds, Controlling Events in Meiosis. Symp Soc Exp Biol 38, pp 363–379Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    RAFF JW, JF HUTCHINSON, RB KNOX, AE CLARKE 1979 Cell recognition: Antigenic determinants of plant organs and their cultured callus cells. Differentiation 12: 179–186Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    REYNOLDS JF 1982 Vegetative propagation of palm trees. In JM Bonga and DJ Durzan, eds, Tissue Culture in Forestry. Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, pp 182–207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    ROST TL, MAW HINCHEE 1980 Preliminary report of the production of callus, organogenesis and regeneration of jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis, Link, Schneid.) in tissue culture. J Hortic Sci 55: 299–305Google Scholar
  67. 67.
    ROULUND H 1973 The effect of cyclophysis and topophysis on the rooting ability of Norway spruce cuttings. For Tree Improv 5: 21–41Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    SACHS T 1982 A morphogenetic basis for plant morphology. Acta Biotheor 31A: 118–131Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    SCHAFFNER KH, W NAGL 1979 Differential DNA replication involved in transition from juvenile to adult phase in Hedera helix (Araliaceae). Plant Syst Evol, Suppl 2: 105–110Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    SECKINGER GR, BH MCCOWN, BE STRUCKMEYER 1979 Production of anomolous structures in Quercus rubra L. callus cultures. Am J Bot 66: 993–996CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    SELBY C, BMR HARVEY 1985 The influence of natural and in vitro bud flushing on adventitious bud production in sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis ( Bong.) Carr.) bud and needle cultures. New Phytol 100: 549–562Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    SHERRATT D, A ARTHUR, P DYSON 1981 Site-specific recombination. Nature 294: 608–610CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 75.
    ST.CLAIR JB, J KLEINSCHMIDT, J SVOLBA 1985 Juvenility and serial vegetative propagation of Norway spruce clones (Picea abies Karst.). Silvae Genet 34: 42–48Google Scholar
  74. 74.
    STEIN R, Y GRUENBAUM, Y POLLACK, A RAZIN, H CEDAR 1982 Clonal inheritance of the pattern of DNA methylation in mouse cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci 79: 61–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    STEWARD FC 1968 Growth and Organization in Plants. Addison-Wesley Publ Comp, Reading, MassachusettsGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    SUSSEX I 1976 Phase change: physiological and genetic aspects. Acta Hortic 56: 275–280Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    VRIES SC DE, WM DE VOS, MC E IARMSEN, JGH WESSELS 1985 A shoot specific mRNA from pea: nucleotide sequence and regulation as compared to light-induced mRNAs. Plant Mol Biol 4: 95–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    WALKER N, E DUMAS, A FRANCLET, F BEKKAOUI 1984 Technique de culture in vitro des méristèmes de Sequoia sempervirens et Pinus pinaster. Ann Rech Sylvicol, AFOCEL, pp 87–109Google Scholar
  79. 79.
    WAXLER MS, JP VAN BUIJTENEN 1981 Early genetic evaluation of loblolly pine. Can J For Res 11: 351–355CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    WETHERELL DF 1984 Enhanced adventive embryogenesis resulting from plasmolysis of cultured wild carrot cells. Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult 3: 221–227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    YASUDA T, PM HASEGAWA, TY CHENG 1980 Analysis of newly synthesized proteins during differentiation of cultured Douglas fir cotyledons. Physiol Plant 48: 83–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    ZOBEL B 1981 Vegetative propagation in forest management operations. Proc 16th South For Tree Improvement Conf, Blacksburg, VA, pp 149–159Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. M. Bonga

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations