• Hiroko NaitoEmail author
Part of the Emerging-Economy State and International Policy Studies book series (EESIPS)

The Puzzle: Reform and State Capacity Building in Contemporary China

Political reform has been at the core of the politics of the Chinese party-state ever since the launch of the reform and opening-up policy in the late 1970s. At first, welcomed by the outside observers as China’s initial steps towards democratization, advancing political reform seems to be increasingly less likely to bring the country closer to the Western model of government, and even more so under the current leadership of Xi Jinping (习近平). The purpose of this book is to reveal the puzzles regarding why the political leaders developed the approach of state capacity building and how the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) has enhanced the state capacity for its governance.

On November 18 2013, at the Third Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee of the CCP, the CCP released the Decision of the CCP Central Committee on Several Major Issues Concerning Comprehensively Deepening Reforms (中共中央全面深化改革若干重大问题的决定) (hereinafter


  1. Dickson, B. (2016). The Dictator’s dilemma: The Chinese communist party’s strategy for survival. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Economy, E. C. (2018). The third revolution: Xi Jinping and the new Chinese state. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Fukuyama, F. (2011, January 6). Samuel Huntington’s legacy – why his works on world order – political and otherwise – are still relevant today. Foreign Policy.
  4. Gan, N. (2017, October 28). Why China is reviving Mao’s grandiose title for Xi Jinping. South China morning post.
  5. Huntington, S. P. (1968). Political order in changing society. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Kamo, T., Kojima, K., Hoshino, M., & Takeuchi, H. (Eds.). (2012). Transition of China’s party-state system: Demands and responses. Tokyo: Keio University Press (in Japanese, 加茂具樹、小嶋華津子、星野昌裕、武内宏樹編『党国体制の現在—変容する社会と中国共産党の適応』慶應義塾大学出版会、2012年).Google Scholar
  7. Nishimura, S., & Kokubun, R. (2009). The party and the state - the historical path of the political system. Iwanami Shoten (in Japanese, 西村成雄、国分良成『党と国家―政治体制の軌跡—』岩波書店、2009年).Google Scholar
  8. Ortmann, S., & Thompson, M. R. (2016, January). China and the “Singapore Model”. Journal of Democracy, 27(1), 39–48.Google Scholar
  9. Pei, Minxin. (2016). China’s crony capitalism: The dynamics of regime decay. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University.Google Scholar
  10. Shambaugh, D. (2016). China’s future. Cambridge, UK, Malden, MA: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  11. Shirk, S. L. (2008). China: Fragile superpower. USA: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Shirk, S. L. (2018, April). China in Xi’s “New Era”: The return to personalistic rule. Journal of Democracy, 29(2), 22–36.Google Scholar
  13. Wu, J. (2008). China: The quiet revolution. Tokyo: Nikkei Publishing Inc. (in Japanese, 呉軍華『中国—静かなる革命』日経新聞出版社、2008年).Google Scholar
  14. Xi, J. (2018). Discuss of keeping the comprehensible deepening reforms. Beijing: Zhongyangwenxuan Press, (in Chinese, 习近平(2018) 〈关于深化党和国家机构改革决定搞和方案搞的说明 (二〇十八年二月二十六日)〉 《论坚持全面深化改革》 中央文献出版社: 北京、424–446).Google Scholar
  15. Yamaguchi, S. (2012, November 2). The basic analysis of the 19th national congress of the communist party of China. NIDS Commentary (in Japanese, 山口信治「中国共産党第19回全国代表大会の基礎的分析:②習近平強軍思想」『NIDSコメンタリー』(2012年11月2日)),

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Northeast Asian StudiesTohoku UniversityAobaku, SendaishiJapan

Personalised recommendations