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Choroidal Neovascularization in Pediatric Population

  • Şengül Özdek
  • Hatice Tuba Atalay
Chapter
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Abstract

Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is quite rare in children and adolescents. In this young population, CNV has been reported in association with infection, inflammation, optic disc anomalies, retinal dystrophies, disruption of Bruch’s membrane, choroidal tumors, and trauma. Often, no cause is found and the CNV is said to be idiopathic (Sivaprasad and Moore, Br J Ophthalmol 92(4):451–454, 2008; Goshorn et al., J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 32(3):178–182, 1995; Spaide, Curr Opin Ophthalmol 10:177–181, 1999). Laser photocoagulation, photodynamic therapy with verteporfin, and submacular surgery have been employed successfully for the treatment of pediatric CNVs. However, anti-VEGF therapy and PDT remains the preferred treatment options.

Keywords

Choroidal neovascularization Children Best’s vitelliform macular dystrophy Photodynamic therapy Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Şengül Özdek
    • 1
  • Hatice Tuba Atalay
    • 1
  1. 1.Ophthalmology DepartmentGazi University Medical SchoolAnkaraTurkey

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