Nanoparticles and Their Fate in Soil Ecosystem

  • Mujeebur Rhaman Khan
  • Mohammad Akram


The nanoparticles (NPs) can be synthesized by different methods, importantly the chemical and biological methods. At the present state of technology, chemical methods are widely used to synthesize large quantities of NPs for various commercial applications. However, biological methods which use plants or microorganisms to synthesize nanoparticles, are low cost and eco-friendly. The phytosynthesis method in particular offers a handy and easy operation and has great potential for future use. Soil is considered as an ultimate sink for NPs introduced in our ecosystem. Since NPs are quite resistant to degradation, their accumulation and persistence in soil may profusely influence the soil microbial community and plant roots. The impact of NPs on microorganisms and plant may vary with the microbe/plant species, soil type and the NP species. In the presented chapter, a concise note on various methods of NP synthesis is presented, followed by a detailed description on the fate of NPs in soil with regard to their impact on growth of plants and microbes in different prospective.


Nanoparticles Biosynthesis Antimicrobial effects Phytotoxicity 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mujeebur Rhaman Khan
    • 1
  • Mohammad Akram
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant ProtectionAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia

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