Management of Strabismus in TED

  • Mithila Negalur
  • Ramesh KekunnayaEmail author


The relationship between thyroid gland dysfunction and the severity of induced orbitopathy still remains to be well established and can manifest itself in a myriad of ophthalmic symptoms and signs ranging from mild ocular irritation to severe proptosis, strabismus, and optic nerve compression [1]. Of these manifold presentations, strabismus due to thyroid induced myopathy has been reported in a large range of patients (about 17–51%) whereas diplopia as the initial presentation may be seen in 15–20% of cases [2–5].


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.LV Prasad Eye InstituteHyderabadIndia
  2. 2.Paediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus ServiceChild Sight Institute, LV Prasad Eye InstituteHyderabadIndia

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