The Erwin Ringel Memorial Lecture

On Suicide and Mental Illness: How Right was Ringel?
  • Jouko Lönnqvist


Major Depression Personality Disorder Suicide Risk Suicide Prevention Schizoaffective Disorder 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Ringel E. The pre-suicidal syndrome. Psychiatria Fennica, 1973; 4: 209–211.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ringel E. Grundlagen der modernen Selbstmordverhutung (The bases of the modern suicide prevention). Psychiatria Fennica, 1973; 4 203–208.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ringel E. Suicide prevention in Vienna. In Resnik HLP (editor). Suicidal Behaviors — Diagnosis and Management. Churchill Ltd, London, 1968.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ringel E. Neue Untersuchungen zum Selbstmordproblem (New investigations on the problem of suicide). Hollinek, Vienna, 1961.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Robins E, Gassner S, Kayes J, Wilkinson RH Jr, Murphy GE. The communication of suicidal intent: a study of 134 consecutive cases of successful (completed) suicide. Am J Psychiatry, 1959; 115: 724–733.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dorpat TL, Ripley HS. A study of suicide in the Seattle area. Compr Psychiatry, 1960; 1: 349–359.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Barraclough BM, Bunch J, Nelson B, Sainsbury P. A hundred cases of suicide: clinical aspects. Br J Psychiatry, 1974; 125: 355–373.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Beskow J. Suicide and mental disorder in Swedish men. Acta Psychiatr Scand, 1979; 277(suppl): 1–138.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Chynoweth R, Tonge JL, Armstrong J. Suicide in Brisbane: a retrospective psychosocial study. Aust NZ J Psychiatry, 1980; 14: 37–45.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Rich CL, Young D, Fowler RC. San Diego Suicide study, I: young vs old subjects. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 1986; 43: 577–582.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Arato M, Demeter E, Rihmer Z, Somogyi E. Retrospective psychiatric assessment of 200 suicides in Budapest. Acta Psychiatr Scand, 1988; 77: 454–456.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Åsgård U. A psychiatric study of suicide among urban Swedish women. Acta Psychiatr Scand, 1990; 82: 115–124.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Marttunen MJ, Aro HM, Henriksson MM, Lonnqvist JK. Mental disorders in adolescent suicide: DSM-III-R axes I and II among 13 to 19 year olds. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 1991; 48: 834–839.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Isometsa ET, Henriksson MM, Lonnqvist JK. Completed suicide and recent lithium treatment. J. Affective Disord, 1992; 26: 101–104.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Marttunen MJ, Aro HM, Lonnqvist JK. Precipitant stressors in adolescent suicide. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry, 1993; 32: 1178–1183.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Henriksson MM, Aro HM, Marttunen MJ, Heikkinen ME, Isometsä ET, Kuoppasalmi KI, Lonnqvist JK. Mental disorders and comorbidity in suicide. Am J Psychiatry, 1993; 150: 935–940.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Isometsa ET, Henriksson MM, Aro HM, Heikkinen ME, Kuoppasalmi KI, Lonnqvist JK. Suicide in major depression. Am J Psychiatry, 1994; 151: 530–536.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Isometsa ET, Henriksson MM, Aro HM, Lonnqvist JK. Suicide in bipolar disorder in Finland. Am J Psychiatry, 1994; 151: 1020–1024.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Isometsa E, Aro H, Henriksson M, Heikkinen M, Lonnqvist J. Suicide in major depression in different treatment settings. J Clin Psychiatry, 1994 55: 523–527.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Isometsa E, Henriksson M, Aro H, Heikkinen M, Kuoppasalmi K, Lonnqvist J. Suicide in psychotic major depression. J Affective Disord, 1994; 31: 187–191.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Marttunen MJ, Aro HM. Henriksson MM, Lonnqvist JK. Psychosocial stressors more common in adolescent suicides with alcohol abuse compared with depressive adolescent suicides. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry, 1994; 33: 490–497.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Heikkinen M, Aro H, Henriksson M, Isometsa E, Sama S, Kuoppasalmi K, Lonnqvist J. Differences in recent life events between alcoholic and depressive non-alcoholic suicides. Alcohol Clin Exp Res, 1994; 18: 1143–1149.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Marttunen M, Henriksson M, Aro H, Heikkinen M, Isometsä E, Lonnqvist J. Suicide among female adolescents. Characteristics and comparison with males in the age group 13 to 22 years. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry, 1995; 34: 1297–1307.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Isometsa E, Heikkinen M, Marttunen M. Henriksson M, Aro H, Lonnqvist J. The last appointment before suicide: is suicide intent communicated? Am J Psychiatry, 1995; 152: 919–922.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Isometsa E, Henriksson M, Marttunen M, Heikkinen M, Aro H, Kuoppasalmi K, Lonnqvist J. Mental disorders in young and middle aged men who commit suicide. BMJ, 1995; 27: 145–146.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Isometsa E, Heikkinen M, Henriksson M, Aro H, Lonnqvist J. Recent life events and completed suicide in bipolar affective disorder. A comparison with major depressive suicides. J Affective Disord, 1995; 33: 99–106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Henriksson M, Marttunen M, Isometsä E, Heikkinen M, Aro H, Kuoppasalmi K, Lonnqvist J. Mental disorders in elderly suicides. Int Psychogeriatrics, 1995; 7: 275–286.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Heikkinen ME, Isometsä ET, Marttunen MJ, Aro HM, Lönnqvist JL. Social factors in suicide. Br J Psychiatry, 1995; 167: 747–753.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Lonnqvist JK, Henriksson MM, Isometsii ET, Marttunen MJ, Heikkinen ME, Aro HM, Kuoppasalmi KI. Mental disorders and suicide prevention. Psychiatr Clin Neurosciences, 1995; 49 (Suppl): 111–116.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jouko Lönnqvist

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations