Using Biology to Study Long-Term Environmental Change

  • John P. Smol
  • H. John B. Birks
  • William M. Last
Part of the Developments in Paleoenvironmental Research book series (DPER, volume 3)


Lake Sediment Polar Bear Siliceous Microfossil Fossil Pigment Environmental Change Research 
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  2. Birks, H. J. B., S. Juggins, A. F. Lotter & J. P. Smol (eds.), In preparation, Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments. Volume 5: Data Handling and Statistical Techniques. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht.Google Scholar
  3. Charles, D. F., J. P. Smol & D. E. Engstrom, 1994. Paleolimnological approaches to biomonitoring. In Loeb S. & A. Spacie (eds.) Biological Monitoring of Aquatic Systems. Lewis Press, Ann Arbor: 233–293.Google Scholar
  4. Gray, J. (ed.), 1988. Paleolimnology: Aspects of Freshwater Paleoecology and Biogeography. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 678 pp.Google Scholar
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  6. Last, W. M. & J. P. Smol (eds.), 2001b. Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediment. Volume 2: Physical and Geochemical Methods. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 504 ppGoogle Scholar
  7. Smol, J. P., H. J. B. Birks & W. M. Last (eds.), 2001. racking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments. Volume 4: Zoological Indicators. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 217 ppGoogle Scholar
  8. Warner, B. G. (ed.), 1990. Methods in Quaternary Ecology. Geological Association of Canada, St. John’s, 170 pp.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • John P. Smol
    • 1
  • H. John B. Birks
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • William M. Last
    • 4
  1. 1.Paleoecological Environmental Assessment and Research Lab (PEARL) Department of BiologyQueen’s UniversityKingstonCanada
  2. 2.Botanical InstituteUniversity of BergenBergenNorway
  3. 3.Environmental Change Research CentreUniversity College LondonLondonUK
  4. 4.Department of Geological SciencesUniversity of ManitobaWinnipegCanada

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