At the Intersection of Medicine, Law, Economics, and Ethics: Bioethics and the Art of Intellectual Cross-Dressing

  • E. Haavi Morreim
Part of the Philosophy and Medicine book series (PHME, volume 50)


Health Plan American Medical Association Group Practice Wall Street Journal Medical Malpractice 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Ayres, W. H.: 1994, ‘Dilemmas and Challenges: Aclinician’s perspective’ Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 33, 153–157.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bishop, J. E.: 1994, ‘Some doctors denounce U. S. guidelines on drugs to treat high blood pressure’ Wall Street Journal, 11/17, p. B-12.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Blendon, R. J., Brodie, M., and Benson, J.: 1995, ‘What should be done now that national health system reform is dead?’, Journal of the American Medical Association 273, 243–244.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Borzo, G.: 1993, ‘Illinois blues: If you sign a contract, you follow guidelines’, American Medical News, 12/6, p. 8.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Borzo, G.: 1994, ‘Rhode Island doctors face “absurd” inpatient limits’, American Medical News, 3/21, pp. 1, 9.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bovbjerg, R.: 1975, ‘The medical malpractice standard of care: HMOs and customary practice’, Duke Law Journal, 1375–1414.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Brennan, T. A., Leape, L. L., and Laird, N. M.: 1991, ‘Incidence of adverse events and negligence in hospitalized patients: Results of the Harvard Medical Practice Study I’, New England Journal of Medicine 324, 370–376.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Burnum, J. R: 1987, ‘Medical practice a la mode’, New England Journal of Medicine 317, 1220–1222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs, American Medical Association.: 1995, ‘Ethical issues in managed care’, Journal of the American Medical Association 273, 330–335.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Crane, M.: 1994, ‘When doctors are caught between dueling clinical guidelines’, Medical Economics (general surgery edition), 13(9), 16–20.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Crittenden, D.: 1994, ‘Don’t give birth up here’, Wall Street Journal, 3/31, p. A-14.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Dunn, L. R: 1994, ‘Beware:Managed care is gaining the upper hand in law’, American Medical News, Dec 5, pp. 45, 48.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Eddy, D. M.: 1991, ‘The individual vs. society: Is there a conflict?’, Journal of the American Medical Association 265, 1446, 1449–1450.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Eddy, D. M.: 1993, ‘Broadening the responsibilities of practitioners: The team approach’, Journal of the American Medical Association 269, 1849–1855.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Eddy, D. M.: 1993, ‘Three battles to watch in the 1990s’, Journal of the American Medical Association 270, 520–526.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Eddy, D. M.: 1994, ‘Principles for making difficult decisions in difficult times’, Journal of the American Medical Association 271, 1792–1798CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Entman, S. S., Glass, C. A., Hickson, G. B., Githens, P. B., Whetten-Goldstein, K., and Sloan, F. A.: 1994, ‘The relationship between malpractice claims history and subsequent obstetric care’, Journal of the American Medical Association 272, 1588–1591.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Farmer, A. L: 1993, ‘Medical practice guidelines: Lessons from the United States’, British Medical Journal 397, 313–317.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Felsenthal, E.: 1994, ‘Doctors seek right to join forces to negotiate with health plans’, Wall Street Journal, 1/3, p. B-10.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Felsenthal, E.: 1994, ‘Doctors’ own guidelines hurt them in court’, Wall Street Journal, 10/19, pp. B-1, B-9.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Furrow, B. R.: 1985–86, ‘Medical malpractice and cost containment: Tightening the screws’, Case Western Reserve Law Review 36, 985–1032.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Goodman, J., Musgrave, G.: 1994, Patient Power, Cato Institute, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Gramm, P.: 1994, ‘Why we need medical saving accounts’. New England Journal of Medicine 330, 1752–1753.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Gray, B. H., and Field, M. J.: 1989 (eds.), Controlling Costs and Changing Patient Care? The Role of Utilization Management, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Grimes, D. A: 1993, Technology follies: The uncritical acceptance of medical innovation’, Journal of the American Medical Association 269, 3030–3033.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Hall, M. A., and Anderson, G. F.: 1992, ‘Health insurers’ assessment of medical necessity’, University of Pennsylvania Law Review 140, 1637–1712.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Hall, M. A.: 1994, ‘The ethics of health care rationing’, Public Affairs Quarterly 8, 33–50.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Hardison, J. E.: 1979, ‘To be complete’, The New England Journal of Medicine 300, 193–194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Harrell v. Total Health Care, Inc., 781 S.W.2d 58 (Mo. 1989) (en banc).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Havighurst, C.: 1992, ‘Prospective self-denial: Can consumers contract today to accept health care rationing tomorrow?’, University of Pennsylvania Law Review 140, 1755–1808.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Havighurst, C. C.: 1995, Health Care Choices: Private Contracts as Instruments of Health Reform, American Enterprise Institute, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Hickson, G. B., Clayton, E. W., Entman, S. S., Miller, C. S., Githens, P. B., Whetten-Goldstein, K., and Sloan, F. A.: 1994, ‘Obstetricians’ prior malpractice experience and patients’ satisfaction with care’, Journal of the American Medical Association 272, 1583–1587.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Hickson, G. B., Clayton, E. W., Githens, P. B., and Sloan, F. A.: 1992, ‘Factors that prompted families to file medical malpractice claims following perinatal injuries’, Journal of the American Medical Association 267, 1359–1363.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Hirshfeld, E.: 1994, ‘The case for physician direction in health plans’, Annals of Health Law 3, 81–102.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Kalb, P. E.: 1990, ‘Controlling health care costs by controlling technology: A private contractual approach’, Yale Law Journal 99, 1109–1126.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    King, J. H.: 1975, ‘In search of a standard of care for the medical profession: The “accepted practice” formula’, Vanderbilt Law Review 28, 1214–1276.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    King, J. H.: 1986, The Law of Medical Malpractice, West, St. Paul, MN.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Kolata, G.: 1995, ‘Women resist trials of marrow transplants’, New York Times, Feb. 2, pp. A-1, B-7.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Leape, L. L., Brennan, T. A., and Laird, N. M.: 1991, ‘Incidence of adverse events and negligence in hospitalized patients: Results of the Harvard Medical Practice Study II’, New England Journal of Medicine 324, 377–384.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    McCormick, B.: 1994, ‘What price patient advocacy?’, American Medical News, 3/28, pp. 1, 13, 14.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    McCormick, B.: 1994, ‘Managed care posing new liability risks, insurers warn’, American Medical News, 6/13, pp. 3, 54, 55, 57.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    McCormick, B.: 1994, ‘Patients, doctors sue CIGNA in deselection flap’, American Medical News, 9/16, pp. 3, 36.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Meyer, M., Murr, A.: 1994, ‘Not my health care’ Newsweek, 123(2), 36–38.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Morreim, E. H.: 1983, ‘The philosopher in the clinical setting’, The Pharos 46(1), 2–6.Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Morreim, E. H.: 1985–86, ‘Stratified scarcity and unfair liability’, Case Western Reserve Law Review 36(4), 1033–1057.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Morreim, E. H.: 1986, ‘Philosophy lessons from the clinical setting: Seven sayings that used to annoy me’, Theoretical Medicine 7, 47–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Morreim, E. H.: 1987, ‘Cost containment and the standard of medical care’, California Law Review 75(5), 1719–1763.Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Morreim, E. H.: 1988, ‘Cost constraints as a malpractice defense’, Hastings Center Report 18(1), 5–10.Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Morreim, E. H.: 1989, ‘Stratified scarcity: Redefining the standard of care’, Law, Medicine and Health Care 17, 356–367.Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Morreim, E. H.: 1990, ‘Physician investment and self-referral: Philosophical analysis of a contentious debate’, The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15(4), 425–448.Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Morreim, E. H.: 1991, Balancing Act: The New Medical Ethics of Medicine’s New Economics, Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Morreim, E. H.: 1992, ‘Rationing and the law’. in Strosberg, M. A., Wiener, J. M., Baker, R., and Fein, I. A. (eds.), Rationing America’s Medical Care: The Oregon Plan and Beyond, Brookings Institution, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Morreim, E. H.: 1994, ‘Redefining quality by reassigning responsibility’, American Journal of Law and Medicine 20, 79–104.Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Morreim, E. H.: 1996, ‘Diverse and perverse incentives in managed care’, Widener Law Symposium Journal 1, 89–139.Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Morreim, E. H.: 1995, ‘Moral justice and legal justice in managed care’, Journal of Law, Medicine, and Ethics 23(3), 247–265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Oberman, L.: 1994, ‘Risk management strategy: Liability insurers stress practice guidelines’, American Medical News, 9/5, pp. 1, 42, 43.Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Orient, J.: 1994, Your Doctor Is Not In: Healthy Skepticism about National Health Care, Crown, New York, NY.Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Page, L.: 1995, ‘Can plans manage the preventive care diabetics need?’, American Medical News, March 20, pp. 4–5.Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Perry, K.: 1994, ‘Where salaried practice feels like private practice’, Medical Economics 71(17), 65–75.Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Peters, W. P., and Rogers, M. C.: 1994, ‘Variation in approval by insurance companies of coverage for autologous bone marrow transplantation for breast cancer’, The New England Journal of Medicine 330, 473–477.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Reinhardt, U.: 1992, ‘American values: Are they blocking health-system reform?’, Medical Economics 69(21), 126–148.Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    Reinhardt, U.: 1992, ‘You pay when business bankrolls health care’, Wall Street Journal, Dec 2, p. A-14.Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Reuben, D. B.: 1984, ‘Learning diagnostic restraint’, The New England Journal of Medicine 310, 591–593.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Sederer, L. I.: 1994, ‘Managed mental health care and professional compensation’, Behavioral Sciences and the Law 12, 367–378.Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    Slomski, A. J.: 1994, ‘How business is flattening health costs’, Medical Economics 71(13), 87–100.Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    Sox, H. C., and Woolf, S. H.: 1993, ‘Evidence-based practice guidelines from the US preventive services task force’, Journal of the American Medical Association 269, 2678.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Stevens, C.: 1993, ‘Guidelines spread, but how much impact will they have?’, Medical Economics 70(13), 66–89.Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    Terry, K.: 1994, ‘Look who’s guarding the gate to specialty care’, Medical Economics 17(16), 124–132.Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    Terry, K.: 1994, ‘Is this the best way to divide HMO income?’, Medical Economics 71(19), 26B–26F.Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    Weaver, J.: 1992, ‘The best care other people’s money can buy’, Wall Street Journal, Nov 19, p. A-14.Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    Weiner J. P., and de Lissovoy, G.: 1993, ‘Razing a tower of babel: A taxonomy for managed care and health insurance plans’, Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law 18(1), 75–103.Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    Wickline v. State of California, 228 Cal. Rptr. 661 (Cal. App. 2 Dist. 1986).Google Scholar
  73. 73.
    Wickline v. State of California, 192 Cal. App. 3d 1630 (1987).Google Scholar
  74. 74.
    Wilson v. Blue Cross of Southern Cal., 271 Cal. Rptr. 876 (Cal. App. 2 Dist. 1990).Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    Wong, E. T., and Lincoln, T. L.: 1983, ‘Ready! Fire!...Aim!’, Journal of the American Medical Association 250, 2510–2513.Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    Wooley, S. C.: 1993, ‘Managed care and mental health: The silencing of a profession’, International Journal of Eating Disorders 14, 387–401.Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    Woolf, S. H.: 1993, ‘Practice guidelines: A new reality in medicine. III. Impact on patient care’ Archives of Internal Medicine 153, 2646–2655.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    Zoloth-Dorfman, L.: 1994, ‘Standing at the gate: Managed care and daily ethical choices’, Managed Care Medicine 1(6), 26–38.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Haavi Morreim
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Human Values and EthicsUniversity of Tennessee, College of MedicineMemphisUSA

Personalised recommendations