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Medicinal Chemistry of Plasmid DNA with Peptide Nucleic Acids

A New Strategy for Gene Therapy
  • Olivier Zelphati
  • Jiin Felgner
  • Yan Wang
  • Xiaowu Liang
  • Xiaodong Wang
  • Philip Felgner
Chapter
  • 627 Downloads
Part of the Medical Intelligence Unit book series (MIUN)

Abstract

In this chapter, we describe an approach using a peptide nucleic acid (PNA) clamp to directly and irreversibly modify plasmid DNA, without affecting either its supercoiled conformation or its ability to be efficiently transcribed. This strategy enables investigators to “functionalize” their gene of interest by direct coupling of ligands (fluorophores, peptide, proteins, sugars or oligonucleotides) to plasmid DNA. This approach provides versatile tools to study the mechanisms of gene delivery and to circumvent some of the main obstacles of synthetic gene delivery systems, such as specific targeting and efficient delivery.

The proof-of-principle of PNA-dependent gene chemistry (PDGC) was demonstrated with a fluorescently labeled PNA that allowed generation of a highly fluorescent preparation of plasmid DNA that was functionally and conformationally intact. Fluorescent-PNA/DNA was used to identify critical parameters involved in naked DNA and nonviral gene delivery tech-nology. The greatest potential of PDGC lies in the ability to attach specific ligands (e.g., pep-tides, proteins) to the plasmid DNA in order to overcome cellular barriers of nonviral gene delivery systems. In this regard, specific examples of ligands coupled to DNA are described and their effect on increasing the efficacy of gene therapy is presented.

Keywords

Gene Delivery Peptide Nucleic Acid Cationic Lipid Cationic Liposome Gene Delivery System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Authors and Affiliations

  • Olivier Zelphati
    • 1
  • Jiin Felgner
    • 2
  • Yan Wang
    • 2
  • Xiaowu Liang
    • 2
  • Xiaodong Wang
    • 2
  • Philip Felgner
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Virus ResearchUniversity of California, IrvineIrvineUSA
  2. 2.Gene Therapy Systems Inc.San DiegoUSA

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