Policies and Politics in France
- 70 Downloads
French alcohol policy has had many ups and downs since its inception after the defeat of France by Prussia in 1870 and the Commune rebellion, depending upon the political climate of the times. Only courageous politicians have succeeded in setting a coherent policy, for example during the 1950s. Some years later, due to the work of the demographist Sully Ledermann regarding the general consumption model, some physicians, led by Pierre Fouquet, developed a comprehensive approach to the problem resulting in a large interest in alcohol studies under the name “alcoologie”.
The resistance of a wine producing country, blinded by a passion for alcohol, meant that it took a century for alcohol policy to develop from specific measures — such as legislation on public drunkenness and a ban on absinthe — to a public health approach, which included alcohol problems amongst other addictions. However progress continues to be undermined by the French attitude to alcohol. After the political changes in 2002 the French are once again experiencing the political vulnerability of its alcohol policy.
Key wordsAlcohol policy France history politics
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Apollinaire, G. Le vigneron champenois in La tête étoilée in Calligrammes.Google Scholar
- 2.Ledermann, S. (1964). Alcool, Alcoolisation, Alcoolisme, Tome II. Paris: PUF.Google Scholar
- 3.Keller, M. & Mc Cormick, M. (1968). A dictionary of words about alcohol. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers Center of Alcohol Studies.Google Scholar
- 4.Fouquet, P. (1967). Eloge de ľalcoolisme et naissance de ľalcoologie. Alcool ou Santé, 82 (2), 3–11.Google Scholar
- 5.Conversation with Dr Pierre Fouquet (1999). British Journal of Addiction, 83, 7–10.Google Scholar
- 6.Craplet, M. (1999). Alcoologie: mot français ďorigine étrangère. Alcoologie, 21 (HS), 133–142.Google Scholar
- 7.Craplet, M. (2000). Eloge de ľalcoologie et naissance de ľaddictologie? Alcoologie et addictologie, 22 (3), 185–193. Ľoutil alcoologie. Alcoologie, 22 (2 Supp), 86S–88S.Google Scholar
- 8.Craplet, M. (2000). Passion alcool. Paris: Odile Jacob.Google Scholar
- 9.High Committee on Public Health (1999). Health in France. Paris: John Libbey Eurotext.Google Scholar
- 10.Favre, J.-D. (2000). Editorial. Alcoologie et addictologie, 3–4.Google Scholar
- 12.Craplet, M. (2003). Parler ďalcool. Paris: Editions de la Martinière.Google Scholar