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From Temperence Movements to State Action: An Historical View of the Alcohol Question in Industrialised Countries

  • Irmgard Eisenbach-Stangl
Chapter

Abstract

It was only in industrialised countries that social mass movements developed pointing to problems related to the consumption of psychoactive substances and demanding self reform and social reform. The temperance and abstainer movements aiming at the reduction and eradication of alcohol consumption are the most prominent examples and the United States are the part of the industrialised world were the most powerful anti-alcohol organisations were established in the course of the 19th century. The national states more or less hesitantly took over the request of the movements and transformed them according to their own interests and their own structure and societal position. Three stages are discussed: the alcohol policy of the total nation-state predominating before WWII, the alcohol related measures of the national welfare state developing after WWII and the state reactions to alcohol and other drug related problems at present, at the time of “globalisation”, when the nation state is loosing power.

Key words

alcohol temperance movements alcohol policy in industrialised countries 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Irmgard Eisenbach-Stangl
    • 1
  1. 1.Wien (LBISucht)Ludwig Boltzmann-Institut für SuchtforschungViennaAustria

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