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Synthesis of “living” polyolefins with soluble Ziegler-Natta catalysts and application to block copolymerization

  • Yoshiharu Doi
  • Tominaga Keii
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 73/74)

Abstract

“Living” polymerization is of great utility both in understanding the mechanism of chain propagation reactions and in synthesizing well-defined block copolymers. In this review we deal with the development of soluble Ziegler-Natta catalysts for the living coordination polymerization of ethylene and α-olefins and discuss the possibility of synthesis of new block copolymers.

The first example of “living” polyolefin with a uniform chain length was found in the low-temperature polymerization of propylene with the soluble catalyst composed of V (acac)3 and Al(C2H5)2 Cl. The mechanism of the living coordination polymerization is discussed on the basis of the kinetic and stereochemical data. Subsequently, some applications of living polypropylene are introduced to prepare tailormade polymers such as terminally functionalized polymers and block copolymers which exhibit new characteristic properties. Finally, new types of soluble Ziegler-Natta catalysts are briefly surveyed in connection with the synthesis of living polyolefins.

In conclusion, we indicate the future trends of research and development in the field of soluble Ziegler-Natta catalysts for the synthesis of living polyolefins and block copolymers.

Keywords

Block Copolymer Molecular Weight Distribution Coordination Polymerization Diblock Copolymer Polymerization Rate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yoshiharu Doi
    • 1
  • Tominaga Keii
    • 2
  1. 1.Research Laboratory of Resources UtilizationTokyo Institute of TechnologyYokohamaJapan
  2. 2.Numazu College of TechnologyNumazu-shiJapan

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