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Discriminant Analysis of Polythetically Described Older Palaeolithic Stone Flakes: Possibilities and Questions

  • Thomas Weber
Conference paper
  • 1.6k Downloads
Part of the Studies in Classification, Data Analysis, and Knowledge Organization book series (STUDIES CLASS)

Abstract

Archaeological inventories of flaked stone artefacts are the most important sources for the reconstruction of mankind’s earliest history. It is necessary to evaluate also the blanks of tool production (“waste”) as the most numerous artefact category using statistical methods including features like absolute measurements and form quotients of the pieces and their striking platforms, the flaking angles, and the dorsal degradation data. In Central Europe, these three major chrono-technological groups of finds can be determined: from the Middle Pleistocene interglacial(s) 250,000 or 300,000, the Early Saalian glacial perhaps 200,000, and from the Early Weichselian glacial 100,000-60,000 years ago—represented by the inventories from Wallendorf, Markkleeberg, and Königsaue B. In this study, the attempt has been undertaken to separate these flake inventories using linear discriminant analysis and to use the results for the comparison with other artefact complexes with rather unclear chrono-technological positions.

Keywords

Linear Discriminant Analysis Stone Artefact Ventral Face Striking Platform Eemian Interglacial 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. THUM, J., and WEBER, T. (1991): Prospektion in Tagebaugebieten und Rekonstruktion der Siedlungsgeschichte im Paläolithikum — Oberflächenfunde versus tiefere Einschnitte. Veröffentlichungen des Museums für Ur-und Frühgeschichte Potsdam 25, 21–25. BerlinGoogle Scholar
  2. TOTH, N. (1987): Die ersten Steinwerkzeuge. Spektrum der Wissenschaft 6:124–134Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Berlin · Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Weber
    • 1
  1. 1.Landesamt für Denkmalpflege und Archäologie Sachsen-AnhaltDeutschland

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