Advertisement

Biopolyesters pp 293-325 | Cite as

Microbial Degradation of Polyesters

  • Dieter Jendrossek
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology book series (ABE, volume 71)

Abstract

Dedicated on occasion of the 75th birthday of Hans Günter Schlegel in recognition of his outstanding ability to teach and to confer his fascination for microbiology to students.

Keywords

Degrading Bacterium Degrading Microorganism Native Poly Depolymerase Activity Hydroxyalkanoic Acid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Anderson AJ, Dawes EA (1990) Microbiol Rev 54:450–472Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Doi Y (1990) VHC, NewYorkGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Steinbüchel A (1991) In: Biomaterials Byrom B (ed) Macmillan, Basingstoke, pp 122–213Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Müller HM, Seebach D (1993) Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 32:477–502CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Seebach D, Brunner A, Bachmann BM, Hoffmann T, Kühnle FNM, Lengweiler UD (1995) Ernst Schering Research Foundation, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sharma R, Ray AR (1995) J Mat Sci: Rev Macromol Phys C35:327–359Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Marchessault RH (1996) TRIP 4:163–168Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sasikala C, Ramana CV (1996) Adv Appl Miccrobiol 42:97–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Steinbüchel A, Füchtenbusch B (1998) Tibtech 16:419–426Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Braunegg G, Lefebvre G, Genser KF (1998) J Biotechnol 65:127–161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Madison LL, Huisman GW (1999) Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 63:21–53Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Lemoigne M (1925) Ann Inst Pasteur 39:144–155Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Steinbüchel A, Valentin HE (1995) FEMS Microbiol Lett 128:219–228Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Saito T, Suzuki K, Yamamoto J, Fukui T, Miwa K, Tomita K, Nakanishi S, Odani S, Suzuki JI, Ishikawa K (1989) J Bacteriol 171:184–189Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Brandl H, Bachhofen R, Mayer J, Wintermantel E (1995) Can J Microbiol 41[Suppl 1]: 143–153Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Jendrossek D, Schirmer A, Schlegel HG (1996) Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 46:451–463CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Jendrossek D (1998) Polym Degrad Stab 59:317–325CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Bachmann BM, Seebach D (1999) Macromolecules 32:1777–1784CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Merrick JM, Doudoroff M (1964) J Bacteriol 88:60–71Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Merrick JM, Lundgren DG, Pfister RM (1965) J Bacteriol 89:234–239Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Hippe H, Schlegel HG (1967) Arch Mikrobiol 56:278–299Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    de Koning GJM, Lemstra PJ (1992) Polymer 33:3304–3306Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Schirmer A, Jendrossek D, Schlegel HG (1993) Appl Environm Microbiol 59:1220–1227Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Ramsay BA, Saracovan I, Ramsay JA, Marchessault RH (1994) J Environ Polym Deg 2:1–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Marchessault RH, Morin FG, Wong S, Saracovan I (1995) Can J Microbiol 41[Suppl 1]: 138–142Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Schirmer A, Matz C, Jendrossek D (1995) Can J Microbiol 41[Suppl 1]: 170–179Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Horowitz DM, Sanders JKM (1994) J Am Chem Soc 116:2695–2702CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Horowitz DM, Sanders JKM (1995) Can J Microbiol 41[Suppl 1]: 115–123Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Horowitz DM, Brennan EM, Koon JJ, Gerngross TU (1999) Macromolecules 32:3347–3352CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Molitoris KP, Moss ST, de Koning G, Jendrossek D (1996) Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 46:570–579CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Brandl H, Püchner P (1992) Biodegradation 2:237–243CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Briese B-H, Jendrossek D, Schlegel HG (1994) FEMS Microbiol Lett 117:107–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Mergaert J, Webb A, Anderson C, Wouters A, Swings J (1993) Appl Environ Microbiol 59: 3233–3238Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Mergaert J, Webb A, Anderson C, Wouters A, Swings J (1994) J Environ Polym Deg 2: 177–183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Mergaert J, Wouters A, Anderson C, Swings J (1995) Can J Microbiol 41 [Suppl 1]:154–159Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Mergaert J, Schirmer A, Hauben L, Mau M, Jendrossek D, Swings J (1996) Int J Syst Bacteriol 46:769–773Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Mergaert J, Swings J (1996) J Ind Microbiol 17:463–469CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Nishida H, Tokiwa Y (1993) J Environm Polym Degrad 1:65–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Kasuya K, Takagi K, Ishiwatari S, Yoshida Y, Doi Y (1998) Polym Degrad Stab 59:327–332CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Ohura T, Aoyagi Y, Takagi K, Yoshida Y, Kasuya K, Doi Y (1999) Polym Degrad Stab 63:23–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    McLellan DW, Halling PJ (1988) FEMS Microbiol Lett 52:215–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Brucato CL, Wong SS (1991) Arch Biochem Biophys 290:497–502CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Matavulj M, Molitoris HP (1992) FEMS Microbiol Rev 103:323–332CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Murphey CA, Cameron JA, Huang SJ, Vinopal RT (1996) Appl Environm Microbiol 62:456–460Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Oda Y, Osaka H, Urakami T, Tonomura K (1997) Curr Microbiol 34:230–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Han J-S, Son Y-J, Chang C-S, Kim M-N (1998) J. Microbiol 36:67–73Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Neumeier S (1994) Diploma thesis, Universität RegensburgGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Gruchulski P, Bouthillier F, Kazlauskas RJ, Serreqi AN, Schrag JD, Ziomek E, Cygler M (1994) Biochemistry 33:3494–3500CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Klingbeil B, Kroppenstedt R, Jendrossek D (1996) FEMS Microbiol Lett 142:215–221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Doi Y, Kitamura S, Abe H (1995) Macromolecules 28:4822–4828CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Briese B-H, Schmidt B, Jendrossek D (1994) J Environm Polym Degrad 2:75–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Jendrossek D, Frisse A, Behrends A, Andermann M, Kratzin HD, Stanislawski T, Schlegel HG (1995) J Bacteriol 177:596–607Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Jaeger K-E, Ransac S, Dijkstra BW, Colson D, van Heuvel M, Misset O (1994) FEMS Microbiol Rev 15:29–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 53.
    Jaeger K-E, Dijkstra BW, Reetz MT (1999) Annu Rev Microbiol 53:315–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 54.
    Shinohe T, Nojiri M, Saito T, Stanislawski T, Jendrossek D (1996) FEMS Microbiol Lett 141:103–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 55.
    Nojiri M, Saito T (1997) J. Bacteriol 179:6965–6970Google Scholar
  57. 56.
    Behrends A, Klingbeil B, Jendrossek D (1996) FEMS Microbiol Lett 143:191–194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 57.
    Ohura T, Kasuya K, Doi Y (1999) Appl Environm Microbiol 65:189–197Google Scholar
  59. 58.
    Fukui T, Narikawa T, Miwa K, Shirakura Y, Saito T, Tomita K (1988) Biochim Biophys Acta 952:164–171Google Scholar
  60. 59.
    Briese B-H, Jendrossek D (1998) Macromol Sympos 130:205–216Google Scholar
  61. 60.
    Kasuya K, Inoune Y, Tanaka T, Akehata T, Iwata T, Fukui T, Doi Y (1997) Appl Environm Microbiol 63:4844–4852Google Scholar
  62. 61.
    Shinomiya M, Iwata T, Kasuya K, Doi Y (1997) FEMS Microbiol Lett 154:89–94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 62.
    Doi Y, Mukai K, Kasuya K, Yamada K (1994) In: Doi Y, Fukuda K (eds) Biodegradable plastics and polymers. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 39–51Google Scholar
  64. 63.
    Kasuya K, Inoune Y, Yamada K, Doi Y (1995) Polym Degrad Stab 48:167–174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 64.
    Kita K, Mashiba S, Nagita M, Ishimaru K, Okamoto K, Yanase H, Kato N (1997) Biochim Biophys Acta 1352:113–122Google Scholar
  66. 65.
    Little E, Bork P, Doolittle RF (1994) J Mol Evol 39:631–643CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 66.
    Watanabe T, Ito Y, Yamada T, Hashimoto M, Sekine S, Tanaka H (1994) J Bacteriol 176:4465–4472Google Scholar
  68. 67.
    Schirmer A, Jendrossek D (1994) J Bacteriol 176:7065–7073Google Scholar
  69. 68.
    Jendrossek D, Schirmer A, Handrick R (1997) In: Eggink G, Steinbüchel A, Poirier Y, Witholt B (eds) (1996) International Symposium on bacterial polyhydroxyalkanoates. NRC Research Press, Ottawa, Canada, pp 89–101Google Scholar
  70. 68a.
    Handrik R, Jendrossek D (2000) J Bacteriol 182:5916–5918CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 69.
    Nakayama K, Saito T, Fukui T, Shirakura Y, Tomita K (1985). Biochim Biophys Acta 827:63–72Google Scholar
  72. 70.
    Shirakura Y, Fukui T, Saito T, Okamoto Y, Narikawa T, Koide K, Tomita K, Takemasa T, Masamune S (1986) Biochim Biophys Acta 880:46–53Google Scholar
  73. 71.
    Brandl H, Aeberli B, Bachofen R, Schwegler I, Müller H-M, Bürger MH, Hoffmann T, Lengweiler UD, Seebach D (1995) Can J Microbiol 41[Suppl 1]: 180–186Google Scholar
  74. 72.
    de Koning GJM, van Bilsen HMM, Lemstra PJ, Hazenberg W, Witholt B, Preusting H, van der Galien JG, Schirmer A, Jendrossek D (1994) Polymer 35:2090–2097CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 73.
    Doi Y, Kumagai Y, Tanahashi N, Mukai K (1992) In: Vert M (ed) Biodegradable polymers and plastics. Royal Society of Chemistry, London, pp 139–148Google Scholar
  76. 74.
    Abe H, Matsubara I, Doi Y, Hori Y, Yamaguchi A (1994) Macromolecules 27:6018–6025CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 75.
    Shiraki M, Shimada T, Tatsumichi M, Saito T (1995) J Environm Polym Deg 3:13–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 76.
    Shirakura Y, Fukui T, Tanio T, Nakayama K, Matsuno R, Tomita K (1983) Biochim Biophys Acta 748:331–339Google Scholar
  79. 76a.
    Zhang K, Shiraki M, Saito T (1997) J Bacteriol 179:72–77Google Scholar
  80. 77.
    Delafield FP, Cooksey KE, Doudoroff M (1965) J Biol Chem 240:4023–4028Google Scholar
  81. 78.
    Merrick JM, Yu CI (1966) Biochemistry 5:3563–3568CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 79.
    Tanaka Y, Saito T, Fukui T, Tanio T, Tomita K (1981) Eur J Biochem 118:177–182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 80.
    Delafield FP, Doudoroff M, Palleroni NJ, Lusty CJ, Contopoulos R (1965) J Bacteriol 90:1455–1466Google Scholar
  84. 81.
    Jendrossek D, Knoke I, Habibian RB, Steinbüchel A, Schlegel HG (1993) J Environ Polym Deg 1:53–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 82.
    Jendrossek D, Müller B, Schlegel HG (1993) Eur J Biochem 218:701–710CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. 83.
    Chowdhury AA (1963) Arch Mikrobiol 47:167–200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 84.
    Lusty CJ, Doudoroff M (1966) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 56:960–965CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 85.
    Müller B, Jendrossek D (1993) I Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 38:487–492Google Scholar
  89. 86.
    Tomasi G, Scandola M, Briese B-H, Jendrossek D (1996) Macromolecules 29:507–513CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. 87.
    Stinson MW, Merrick JM (1974). J Bacteriol 119:152–161Google Scholar
  91. 88.
    Terpe K, Kerkhoff K, Pluta E, Jendrossek D (1999) Appl Environm Microbiol 65: 1703–1709Google Scholar
  92. 89.
    Foster LJR, Zervas SJ, Lenz RW, Fuller RC (1995) Biodegradation 6:67–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 90.
    Kemnitzer JE, McCarthy SP, Gross RA (1992) Macromolecules 25:5927–5934CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 91.
    Abe H, Matsubara I, Doi Y (1995) Macromolecules 28:844–853CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. 92.
    Hocking PJ, Timmins MR, Scherer TM, Fuller RC, Lenz RW, Marchessault RH (1995) J M S Pure Appl Chem A32:889–894CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. 93.
    Kumagai Y, Kanasawa Y, Doi Y (1992) Makromol Chem 193:53–57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. 94.
    Spyros A, Kimmich R, Briese BH, Jendrossek D (1997) 1H NMR imaging study of enzymatic degradation in poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) and poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate). Macromolecules 30:8218–8225CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. 95.
    Hocking PJ, Marchessault RH, Timmins MR, Lenz RW, Fuller RC (1996) Macromolecules 29:2472–2478CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. 96.
    Sykes KE, Barham PJ, Hobbs JK, Fuljames C, Debouzy I, Baker AA, McMaster TJ, Miles MJ, Jackson R, Farrell R, Gross RA (1997) In: Eggink G, Steinbüchel A, Poirier Y, Witholt B (eds) 1996 International symposium on bacterial polyhydroxyalkanoates, NRC research press, Ottawa, Canada, pp 66–77Google Scholar
  100. 97.
    Nobes GAR, Marchessault RH, Chanzy H, Briese BH, Jendrossek D (1996) Macromolecules 29:8330–8333CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. 98.
    Nobes GAR, Marchessault RH, Briese BH, Jendrossek D (1998) J Environm Polym Degrad 5:99–107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. 99.
    Iwata T, Doi Y, Kasuya K, Inoue Y (1997) Macromolecules 30:833–839CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. 100.
    Iwata T, Doi Y, Tanaka T, Akehata T, Shiromo M, Teramachi S (1997) Macromolecules 30:5290–5296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. 101.
    Abe H, Doi Y (1996) Macromolecules 29:8683–8688CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. 102.
    Scandola M, Focarete ML, Adamus G, Sikorska W, Baranowska I, Swierczek S, Gnatowski M, Kowalczuk M, Jedlinski Z (1997) Macromolecules 30:2568–2574CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. 103.
    Scandola M, Focarete ML, Gazzano M, Matuszowicz A, Sikorska W, Adamus G, Kurcok P, Kowalczuk M, Jedlinski Z (1997) Macromolecules 30:7743–7748CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. 104.
    Scandola M (1997) In: Eggink G, Steinbüchel A, Poirier Y, Witholt B (eds) 1996 International symposium on bacterial polyhydroxyalkanoates, NRC Research Press, Ottawa, Canada, pp 20–27Google Scholar
  108. 105.
    Focarete ML, Ceccorulli G, Scandola M, Kowalczuk M (1998) Macromolecules 31:8485–8492CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. 106.
    Focarete ML, Scandola M, Jendrossek D, Adamus G, Sikorska W, Kowalczuk M (1999) Macromolecules 32:4814–4818CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. 107.
    Doi Y, Kanesawa Y, Kunioka M, Saito T (1990) Macromolecules 23:26–31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. 108.
    Kanewasa Y, Tanahashi N, Doi Y, Saito T (1994) Polym Degrad Stab 45:179–185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. 109.
    Mukai K, Doi Y, Sema Y, Tomita K (1993) Biotechnol Lett 15:601–604CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. 110.
    Jaeger K-E, Steinbüchel A, Jendrossek D (1995) Appl Environm Microbiol 61:311–3118Google Scholar
  114. 111.
    Scandola M, Focarete ML, Frisoni G (1998) Macromolecules 31:3846–3851CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. 112.
    Fields RD, Rodriguez F, Finn RK (1974) J Appl Polym Sci 18:3571–3579CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. 113.
    Kavelman R, Kendrick B (1978) Mycologia 70:87–103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. 114.
    Benetict CV, Cook WJ, Jarrett P, Cameron JA, Huang SJ, Bell JP (1983) J Appl Polym Sci 28:327–334CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. 115.
    Goldberg D (1995) J Environm Polym Degrad 3:61–67CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. 116.
    Martinez C, de Geus P, Lauwereys M, Matthyssens G, Cambillau C (1992) Nature 356:615–618CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. 117.
    Soliday CL, Flurkey WH, Okita TW, Kolatturkudy PE (1984). Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 81:3939–3943CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. 118.
    Oda Y, Oida N, Urakami T, Tonomura K (1997) FEMS Microbiol Lett 152:339–343CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. 119.
    Nishioka M, Tuzuki T, Wanajyo Y, Oonami H, Horiuchi T (1994). In: Doi Y, Fukuda K (eds) Biodegradable plastics and polymers. Elsevier Science, B V, pp 584–590Google Scholar
  123. 120.
    Witt U, Müller R-J, Deckwer W-D (1995) J Environ Polym Deg 3:215–223CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. 121.
    Witt U, Müller R-J, Deckwer W-D (1997) J Environm Polym Degrad 5:81–89Google Scholar
  125. 122.
    Fischer H, Erdmann S, Holler E (1989). Biochemistry 28:5219–5226CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. 123.
    Angerer B, Holler E (1995) Biochemistry 34:14, 741-14, 751CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. 124.
    Korherr C, Roth M, Holler E (1995) Can J Microbiol 41 [Suppl 1]: 192–199Google Scholar
  128. 125.
    Liu S, Steinbüchel A (1996) Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 46:273–278CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. 126.
    Gödde C, Liebergesell M, Steinbüchel A (1999) FEMS Microbiol Lett 173:365–372Google Scholar
  130. 127.
    Torres A, Li SM, Roussos S, Vert M (1996) Appl Environm Microbiol 62:23, 393-23, 397Google Scholar
  131. 128.
    Pranamuta H, Tokiwa Y, Tanaka H (1997) Appl Environm Microbiol 63:1637–1640Google Scholar
  132. 129.
    Bayer AG (1995) Biodegradable thermoplastic BAK1095*. KU-marketing, Informations-systeme, KU 48. 872Google Scholar
  133. 130.
    Kohlhaussen S, Steffen M, Steger R, Koch R (1999) Poster shown on the annual meeting of the Vereinigung für Allgemeine und Angewandte Mikrobiologie, 7-10 March 1999, Göttingen, GermanyGoogle Scholar
  134. 131.
    Nakajima-Kambe T, Onuma F, Kimpara N, Nakahara T (1995) FEMS Microbiol Lett 129:39–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. 132.
    Nakajima-Kambe T, Onuma F, Akutso Y, Nakahara T (1997) J Ferm Biotechnol 83:456–460CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. 133.
    Nakajima-Kambe T, Shigeno-Akutsu Y, Nomura N, Onuma F, Nakahara T (1999) Appl Environm Microbiol 65:134–140Google Scholar
  137. 134.
    Hiltunen K, Seppälä JV, Itävaara M, Härkönen M (1997) J Environm Polym Degrad 3:167–173Google Scholar
  138. 135.
    Akutsu T, Nakajima-Kambe T, Nomura N, Nakahara T (1998) Appl Environm Microbiol 64:62–67Google Scholar
  139. 136.
    Nomura N, Shigeno-Akutsu Y, Nakajima-Kambe T, Nakahara T (1998) J Ferm Bioeng 86:339–345CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. 137.
    Lemoigne M (1925) Ann Inst Pasteur 41:148–159Google Scholar
  141. 138.
    Macrae RM, Wilkinson JF (1958) J Gen Microbiol 19:210–222Google Scholar
  142. 139.
    Macrae RM, Wilkinson JF (1958) Proc R Phys Soc Edinburgh 27:73–82Google Scholar
  143. 140.
    Hayward AC, Forsyth WGC, Roberts JB (1959) J Gen Microbiol 20:510–518Google Scholar
  144. 141.
    Bartha R (1962) Arch Mikrobiol 41:313–350CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. 142.
    Hippe H (1967) Arch Mikrobiol 56:248–277Google Scholar
  146. 143.
    Sierra G, Gibbons NE (1962) Can J Microbiol 8:255–269CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. 144.
    Braunegg G, Kornetti L (1984) Biotechnol Lett 6:825–829CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  148. 145.
    Doi Y, Segawa A, Kawaguchi Y, Kunioka M (1990) FEMS Microbiol Lett 67:165–170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  149. 146.
    Senior PJ, Dawes EA (1973) Biochem J 134:225–238Google Scholar
  150. 147.
    Taidi B, Mansfield DA, Anderson A (1995) FEMS Microbiol Lett 129:201–206Google Scholar
  151. 148.
    James BW, Mauchline WS, Dennis PJ, Keevil CW, Wait R (1999) Appl Environm Microbiol 65:822–827Google Scholar
  152. 149.
    Choi MH, Yoon SC, Lenz RW (1999) Appl Environm Microbiol 65:1570–1577Google Scholar
  153. 150.
    Barnard, GN, Sanders JKM (1988) FEBS Let 231:16–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  154. 151.
    Barnard, GN, Sanders JKM (1989) Macromolecules 24:4583–4588Google Scholar
  155. 152.
    Amor SR, Rayment T, Sanders JKM (1991) Macromolecules 24:4583–4588CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  156. 153.
    Merrick JM (1965) J Bacteriol 90:965–969Google Scholar
  157. 154.
    Griebel R, Smith Z, Merrick JM (1968) Biochem 7:3676–3681CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  158. 155.
    Boatman ES (1964) J Cell Biol 20:297–311CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  159. 156.
    Lundgren DG, Pfister RM, Merrick JM (1964) J Gen Microbiol 34:441–446Google Scholar
  160. 157.
    Pfister RM, Lundgren DG (1964) J Bacteriol 88:1119–1129Google Scholar
  161. 158.
    Ellar D, Lundgren DG, Okamura K, Marchessault RH (1968) J Mol Biol 35:489–502CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  162. 159.
    Dunlop W, Robards AW (1973) J Bacteriol 114:1271–1280Google Scholar
  163. 160.
    Wang WS, Lundgren DG (1969) J Bacteriol 97:947–950Google Scholar
  164. 161.
    Pieper-Fürst U, Madkour MH, Mayer F, Steinbüchel A (1994) J Bacteriol 176:4328–4337Google Scholar
  165. 162.
    Pieper-Fürst U, Madkour MH, Mayer F, Steinbüchel A (1995) J Bacteriol 177:2513–2523Google Scholar
  166. 163.
    Wieczoreck R, Pries A, Steinbüchel A, Mayer F (1995) J Bacteriol 177:2425–2435Google Scholar
  167. 164.
    Wieczoreck R, Steinbüchel A, Schmidt B (1996) FEMS Microbiol Lett 135:23–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  168. 165.
    Valentin HE, Stuart ES, Fuller RC, Lenz RW, Dennis D (1998) J Biotechnol 64:145–157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  169. 166.
    McCool GJ, Cannon MC (1999) J Bacteriol 181:585–592Google Scholar
  170. 167.
    Steinbüchel A, Aerts K, Babel W, Föllner C, Liebergesell M, Madkour MH, Mayer F, Pieper-Fürst U, Pries A, Valentin HE, Wieczorek R (1995) Can J Microbiol 41[Suppl 1]:94–105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  171. 168.
    Gerngross TU, Reilly P, Stubbe J, Sinskey AJ, Peoples OP (1993) J Bacteriol 175: 5289–5293Google Scholar
  172. 169.
    Stuart ES, Lenz RW, Fuller RC (1995) Can J Microbiol 41 [Suppl 1]:84–93Google Scholar
  173. 170.
    Mayer F, Madkour MH, Pieper-Fürst U, Wieczorek R, Liebergesell M, Steinbüchel A (1996) J Gen Appl Microbiol 42:445–455CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  174. 171.
    Shuster CW, Doudoroff M (1962) J Bacteriol 108:782–789Google Scholar
  175. 172.
    Griebel RJ, Merrick JM (1971) J Bacteriol 108:782–789Google Scholar
  176. 173.
    Merrick JM (1998) Lecture on occasion of the international symposium on biological polyhydroxyalkanoates 1998, Tokyo, 9-11 SeptGoogle Scholar
  177. 174.
    Handrick R, Jendrosssek D (1998) In: Steinbüchel A (ed) Biochemical principles and mechanisms of biodegradation and biodegradation of polymers. Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, pp 57–67Google Scholar
  178. 175.
    Saito T, Takizawa K, Saegusa H (1995) Can J Microbiol 41[Suppl 1]: 187–191Google Scholar
  179. 176.
    Saito T, Saegusa H, Miyata Y, Fukui T (1992). FEMS Microbiol Rev 103:333–338CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  180. 177.
    Stuart ES, Foster LJR, Lenz RW, Fuller RC (1996) Int J Biol Macromol 19:171–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  181. 178.
    Foster LJR, Lenz RW, Fuller RC (1994) FEMS Microbiol Lett 118:279–282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  182. 179.
    Foster LJR, Stuart ES, Tehrani A, Lenz RW, Fuller RC (1996) Int J Biol Macromol 19:177–183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  183. 180.
    Huisman GW, Wonink E, Meima R, Terpstra B, Witholt B (1991) J Biol Chem 266:2191–2198Google Scholar
  184. 181.
    Timm A, Steinbüchel A (1992) Eur J Biochem 209:15–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  185. 182.
    Tanio T, Fukui T, Shirakura Y, Saito T, Tomita K, Kaiho T (1982) Eur J Biochem 124:71–77CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  186. 183.
    Kita K, Ishimaru K, Teraoka M, Yanase H, Kato N (1995) Appl Environm Microbiol 61:1727–1730Google Scholar
  187. 184.
    Sadocco P, Nocerino S, Dubini-Paglia E, Seves A, Elegir G (1997) J Environm Polym Degrad 5:57–65Google Scholar
  188. 185.
    Jendrossek D, Backhaus M, Andermann M (1995) Can J Microbiol 41 [Suppl 1]: 160–169Google Scholar
  189. 186.
    Kasuya K, Doi Y, Yao T (1994) Polym Degrad Stab 45:379–386CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  190. 187.
    Mukai K, Yamada K, Doi Y (1993). Polym Degrad Stab 41:85–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  191. 188.
    Yamada K, Mukai K, Doi Y (1993) Int J Biol Macromol 15:215–220CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  192. 189.
    Mukai K, Yamada K, Doi Y (1994). Polym Degrad Stab 43:319–327CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  193. 190.
    Uefuji M, Kasuya K, Doi Y (1997) Polym Degrad Stab 58:275–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  194. 191.
    Janssen PH, Harfoot CG (1990) Arch Microbiol 154:253–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  195. 192.
    Janssen PH, Schink B (1993) Biodegradation 4:179–185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  196. 193.
    Budwill K, Fedorak PM, Page WJ (1992) Appl Environ Microbiol 58:1398–1401Google Scholar
  197. 194.
    Mergaert J, Glorieux G, Hauben L, Storms V, Mau M, Swings J (1996) Syst Appl Microbiol 19:407–413Google Scholar
  198. 195.
    Schöber U, Thiel C, Jendrossek D (2000) Appl Environm Microbiol 66:1385–1392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  199. 196.
    Kurusu Y, Kohama K, Uchida Y, Saito T, Yukawa H (1994) In: Doi Y, Fukuda K (eds) Biodegradable plastics and polymers. Elsevier Science B V, Amsterdam, pp 357–361Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dieter Jendrossek
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Mikrobiologie der Universität StuttgartStuttgartGermany

Personalised recommendations