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Biopolyesters pp 183-207 | Cite as

Production of Microbial Polyester by Fermentation of Recombinant Microorganisms

  • Sang Yup Lee
  • Jong-il Choi
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology book series (ABE, volume 71)

Abstract

Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) can be produced from renewable sources and are biodegradable with similar material properties and processibility to conventional plastic materials. With recent advances in our understanding of the biochemistry and genetics of PHA biosynthesis and cloning of the PHA biosynthesis genes from a number of different bacteria, many different recombinant bacteria have been developed to improve PHA production for commercial applications. For enhancing PHA synthetic capacity, homologous or heterologous expression of the PHA biosynthetic enzymes has been attempted. Several genes that allow utilization of various substrates were transformed into PHA producers, or non-PHA producers utilizing inexpensive carbon substrate were transformed with the PHA biosynthesis genes. Novel PHAs have been synthesized by introducing a new PHA biosynthesis pathway or a new PHA synthase gene. In this article, recent advances in the production of PHA by recombinant bacteria are described.

Keywords

Polyhydroxyalkanoates PHA biosynthesis genes Recombinant bacteria Fermentation 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sang Yup Lee
    • 1
  • Jong-il Choi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemical Engineering and BioProcess Engineering Research CenterKorea Advanced Institute of Science and TechnologyTaejonKorea

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