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Biopolyesters pp 209-240 | Cite as

Production of Polyesters in Transgenic Plants

  • Yves Poirier
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology book series (ABE, volume 71)

Abstract

Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are bacterial polyesters having the properties of biodegradable thermoplastics and elastomers. Synthesis of PHAs has been demonstrated in transgenic plants. Both polyhydroxybutyrate and the co-polymer poly(hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxy-valerate) have been synthesized in the plastids of Arabidopsis thaliana and Brassica napus. Furthermore, a range of medium-chain-length PHAs has also been produced in plant pero-xisomes. Development of agricultural crops to produce PHA on a large scale and at low cost will be a challenging task requiring a coordinated and stable expression of several genes. Novel extraction methods designed to maximize the use of harvested plants for PHA, oil, carbohydrate, and feed production will be needed. In addition to their use as plastics, PHAs can also be used to modify fiber properties in plants such as cotton. Furthermore, PHA can be exploited as a novel tool to study the carbon flux through various metabolic pathways, such as the fatty acid β-oxidation cycle.

Keywords

Polyhydroxyalkanoates Polyhydroxybutyrate Polyester Transgenic plants Metabolic engineering 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yves Poirier
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut d’Écologie-Biologie et Physiologie VégétalesUniversité de LausanneLausanneSwitzerland

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