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Biopolyesters pp 241-262 | Cite as

In Vitro Biosynthesis of Polyesters

  • Shiro Kobayashi
  • Hiroshi Uyama
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology book series (ABE, volume 71)

Abstract

In vitro synthesis of polyesters using isolated enzymes as catalyst via non-biosynthetic pathways is reviewed. In most cases, lipase was used as catalyst and various monomer combinations, typically oxyacids or their esters, dicarboxylic acids or their derivatives/glycols, and lactones, afforded the polyesters. The enzymatic polymerization often proceeded under mild reaction conditions in comparison with chemical processes. By utilizing characteristic properties of lipases, regio- and enantioselective polymerizations proceeded to give functional polymers, most of which are difficult to synthesize by conventional methodologies.

Keywords

Enzymatic polymerization Polyester Lipase Enantioselectivity Regioselectivity 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shiro Kobayashi
    • 1
  • Hiroshi Uyama
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials Chemistry, Graduate School of EngineeringKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

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