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Polymeric Materials and their Orientation Techniques for Second-Order Nonlinear Optics

  • Francois Kajzar
  • Kwang-Sup Lee
  • Alex K. -Y. Jen
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 161)

Abstract

This review article describes recent developments in the field of second-order nonlinear optical (NLO) polymers with specific focus on their characterization methods, materials synthesis, chromophore orientation techniques, and device applications. For the characterization techniques of NLO properties of organics and polymeric materials, electric field-induced second harmonic generation, hyper-Raleigh scattering, electro-optic coefficient measurement, etc. are discussed. The significant progress obtained from the authors’ investigations, resulted in various types of polymeric materials including dendrimers and organic-inorganic hybrids with specific structures of academic and technological significance which are presented here. To produce highly efficient macroscopic nonlinearity in NLO polymeric systems, several chromophore orientation techniques such as static field poling, photoassisted poling, all optical poling, contact and corona poling are also demonstrated. In addition, the prospects for practical applications of the NLO polymers in information technology are reviewed.

Keywords

Second-order nonlinear optics Polymers Dendrimers Poling Orientation techniques Relaxation dynamics Optical devices 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francois Kajzar
    • 1
  • Kwang-Sup Lee
    • 2
  • Alex K. -Y. Jen
    • 3
  1. 1.LETI-CEA (Technologies Avancées)DEIN/SPEGif-sur, Yvette CedexFrance
  2. 2.Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Institute of Hybrid Materials for Information and BiotechnologyHannam UniversityDaejeonKorea
  3. 3.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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