Response of Italian Glaciers to Climatic Variations

  • A. Biancotti
  • M. Motta
Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume 582)


The glaciers of the southern alpine slope have been investigated using a variety of different methods. The most common ones are:
  1. a)

    glacial inventories, which consist of an overall description, the geographical location, the classification, and the area and volumetric measurements. Four such inventories, all focussed on the Italian Alps, were carried out in 1925, 1958, 1976 and in 1989 [1,2]]. The first one is the result of the consultation of I.G.M. topographic maps, the second comes from measurements in the field, and the latter two come from aerophotogrammetric observations. The data base for the last one was provided by Italy Flight 1988;

  2. b)

    annual glacial campaigns, during which snout variations of the ablating tongue are measured. The operation, carried out by land surveys, refers to a sample of about 15% of the total population of glaciers, and it includes almost all the glacial bodies of major dimension and importance [3];

  3. c)

    mass balances, with the calculation of the volumetric variation of the glacier in time and its role in the local climatic evolution. Only a few sample glaciers, located in different parts of the Alpine range, are taken into consideration.



Water Equivalent Alpine Valley Route Description Glacial Advance Glacial Area 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Biancotti
    • 1
  • M. Motta
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Scienze della TerraUniversità di TorinoItaly

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