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Potential for Anaerobic Conversion of Xenobiotics

  • A. S. Mogensen
  • J. Dolfing
  • F. Haagensen
  • B. K. Ahring
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology book series (ABE, volume 82)

Abstract

This review covers the latest research on the anaerobic biodegradation of aromatic xenobiotic compounds, with emphasis on surfactants, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, phthalate esters, polychlorinated biphenyls, halogenated phenols, and pesticides. The versatility of anaerobic reactor systems regarding the treatment of xenobiotics is shown with the focus on the UASB reactor, but the applicability of other reactor designs for treatment of hazardous waste is also included. Bioaugmentation has proved to be a viable technique to enhance a specific activity in anaerobic reactors and recent research on reactor and in situ bioaugmentation is reported.

Keywords

Anaerobic Nitrate Iron Sulfate Xenobiotics Organic contaminants Biodegradation Mineralization Surfactants Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons Phthalate esters Polychlorinated biphenyls Halogenated phenols Pesticides UASB CSTR Bioreactor Bioaugmentation 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. S. Mogensen
    • 1
  • J. Dolfing
    • 2
  • F. Haagensen
    • 1
  • B. K. Ahring
    • 1
  1. 1.BioCentrum-DTUThe Technical University of DenmarkLyngbyDenmark
  2. 2.AlterraAlterraWageningenThe Netherlands

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