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Monitoring and Control of Anaerobic Reactors

  • Peter F. Pind
  • Irini Angelidaki
  • Birgitte K. Ahring
  • Katerina Stamatelatou
  • Gerasimos Lyberatos
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology book series (ABE, volume 82)

Abstract

The current status in monitoring and control of anaerobic reactors is reviewed. The influence of reactor design and waste composition on the possible monitoring and control schemes is examined. After defining the overall control structure, and possible control objectives, the possible process measurements are reviewed in detail. In the sequel, possible manipulated variables, such as the hydraulic retention time, the organic loading rate, the sludge retention time, temperature, pH and alkalinity are evaluated with respect to the two main reactor types: high-rate and low-rate. Finally, the different control approaches that have been used are comprehensively described. These include simple and adaptive controllers, as well as more recent developments such as fuzzy controllers, knowledge-based controllers and controllers based on neural networks.

Keywords

Anaerobic Reactors Control methods Control objectives Control variables Process outputs 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter F. Pind
    • 1
  • Irini Angelidaki
    • 1
  • Birgitte K. Ahring
    • 2
  • Katerina Stamatelatou
    • 3
  • Gerasimos Lyberatos
    • 3
  1. 1.Environment and Resources DTUTechnical University of DenmarkLyngbyDenmark
  2. 2.BioCentrum-DTUTechnical University of DenmarkLyngbyDenmark
  3. 3.Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversity of PatrasPatrasGreece

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