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Dendritic and Hyperbranched Macromolecules — Precisely Controlled Macromolecular Architectures

  • Craig J. Hawker
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 147)

Abstract

The development of procedures for the synthesis of dendritic macromolecules by either the convergent or divergent growth approaches is outlined with emphasis placed on the controlled manipulation of three-dimensional structure. The utility of these techniques to prepare a wide variety of different dendritic structures is then discussed in terms of the three distinct regions associated with these novel macromolecular systems — the central core, the interior building blocks, and the chain ends. Control of these regions, coupled with changes in the synthetic approach, gives tailor-made dendritic macromolecules with predetermined physical properties and/or function. The application of current spectroscopic methods to the structural elucidation of dendritic macromolecules is then detailed along with an examination of the influence of dendritic structure on the physical properties of these novel materials. Finally, a comparison is made with the related class of highly branched polymers, hyperbranched macromolecules, and the manipulation of structure/function for these materials is examined.

Keywords

Dendrimers Hyperbranched macromolecules Block copolymers Surface functionalization Solvatochromism Intrinsic viscosity 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Craig J. Hawker
    • 1
  1. 1.IBM Almaden Research CenterSan JoseUSA

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