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Mechanisms for Nucleosome Movement by ATP-dependent Chromatin Remodeling Complexes

  • Anjanabha Saha
  • Jacqueline Wittmeyer
  • Bradley R. CairnsEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Results and Problems in Cell Differentiation book series (RESULTS, volume 41)

Abstract

Chromatin remodeling complexes (remodelers) are a set of diverse multi-protein machines that reposition and restructure nucleosomes. Remodelers are specialized, containing unique proteins that assist in targeting, interaction with modified nucleosomes, and performing specific chromatin tasks. However, all remodelers contain an ATPase domain that is highly similar to known DNA translocases/helicases, suggesting that DNA translocation is a property common to all remodelers. Here we examine the different reactions they perform in vitro, focusing on the SWI/SNF and the ISWI complexes, and explore how DNA translocation might be utilized to execute various remodeling processes.

Keywords

ATPase Domain Histone Chaperone Histone Octamer Twist Defect Nucleosomal Dyad 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

Acknowledgments

Because of space restrictions, we apologize to those whose work could not be discussed. We thank Maggie Kasten for comments.

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Authors and Affiliations

  • Anjanabha Saha
    • 1
  • Jacqueline Wittmeyer
    • 1
  • Bradley R. Cairns
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Oncological Sciences and Howard Hughes Medical InstituteHuntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah School of MedicineSalt Lake CityUSA

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